Notable Revolutionary War Battles

Names, Locations, Dates, and Descriptions are from “An Alphabetical List of the Battles of the War of the Rebellion, With Dates”, Revised by Newton A. Strait; published 1878.

Name

Location

Date

Description

Barren Hill

Pennsylvania

20 May 1777

Gen. Grant, with 7,000 British, made an attempt to surprise La Fayette, with 2,500 men. The latter escaped by a masterly retreat.

Bennington

Vermont

16 August 1777

This battle was fought, in two parts, by 1,600 Massachusetts and New Hampshire militia, under Gen. Stark. In the first part they defeated 600 Germans, under Col. Baum ; and in the second, they put to rout 500 Germans, under Col. Breyman. Loss : German; 280 killed and wounded, and 654 made prisoners. American; 100 killed and wounded. After the defeat of Baum, 500 reinforcements arrived under Col. Breyman, and the battle was renewed, but resulted in a complete defeat of the combined forces.

Blackstock's Ford

Tiger River
South Carolina

20 November 1780

American troops under Gen. Sumpter, led by Joseph Kerr, a spy, surprised and defeated 1,500 British and Tories, under Col. Tarleton. Americans; killed and wounded, 11 ; Tories; 50 to 100.

Boundbrook

New Jersey

13 April 1777

500 Americans under Gen. Lincoln, were attacked by 2,000 British under Cornwallis ; but Lincoln effected the retreat of his troops with the loss of only 60 men.

Brandywine

Delaware

11 September 1777

Fought between the British army under Lord Cornwallis, and the Americans under Gen. Washington. The king's troops won the victory. La Fayette was first wounded in this battle. Loss : American; 300 killed, 600 wounded and 400 made prisoners. British; 100 killed and 400 wounded.

Briar Greek

Georgia

3 March 1779

A British force, under Gen. Prevost, surprised 1,500 North Carolina militia, and 60 Continentals, under Gens. Ashe and Elbert, and defeated them. Loss : American; 150 killed, and 162 made prisoners. British; 16 killed and wounded.

Broad River

South Carolina

12 November 1780

Fought between the Americans under Gen. Sumpter, and the British, under Major Wemyss. British defeated.

Bunker's Hill

Massachusetts

17 June 1775

Fought between 1,500 Americans, under Col. Prescott and Generals Putnam, Warren and Pomeroy, and 3,000 British grenadiers and light infantry, under Generals Howe, Pigot and Clinton. The British overpowered the Americans, but not until their ammunition was exhausted. Loss : American; 139 killed, 314 wounded and missing. British; 226 killed, 828 wounded and missing. It is doubtful if Pomeroy was the principal officer. Gen. Putnam, it is claimed, was in command. (Who was in command is not well established.)

Camden

South Carolina

25 April 1781

Fought between 900 British, under Lord Raw-don, and 1,200 Americans, under Gen. Greene. The Americans were defeated, but took 50 British prisoners.

Camden

South Carolina

16 August 1780

Fought between 3,663 Americans, under Gen. Gates, and 2,100 British, under Lord Cornwallis. Baron de Kalb was mortally wounded, and the Americans defeated. Loss: American; 1,500 killed, wounded and made prisoners. British; 324 killed and wounded.

Catawba Ford

South Carolina

18 August 1780

The British, under Col. Tarleton, attacked 650 Americans, under Sumpter ; killed, captured or dispersed the whole party, and retook 300 British prisoners. Loss : British ; 9 killed and 6 wounded. The Americans had. captured two hogsheads of rum, and were generally drunk when attacked.

Charleston
(siege of)

South Carolina

12 May 1780

The city was defended by about 5,000 Americans, under General Lincoln, After a siege of a month by a strong British force, under Sir Henry Clinton, General Lincoln was compelled to capitulate. Loss: American; 89 killed, 140 wounded, and 5,000 made prisoners. British; 76 killed, and 140 wounded.

Cherokee Ford

South Carolina

14 February 1779

The Americans, under Col. Pickens, attacked and defeated a body of Tories, under Col. Boyd. Loss: Tories; 40 killed and wounded, and 70 made prisoners. Americans; 9 killed and wounded.

Combahee Ferry

South Carolina

27 August 1782

Fought between a party of British and 300 Americans, under General Gist. The British were defeated.

Cowpens

South Carolina

17 January 1781

Fought between 1,100 British; under Col. Tarleton, and the Americans, under Gen. Morgan. The British were defeated. Loss : British; 300 killed and wounded, and 500 made prisoners. American; 12 killed, and 60 wounded.

Crown Point
(Taking Of)

New York

10 May 1775

Ticonderoga was taken by surprise by about 90 Connecticut and New Hampshire volunteers, under Cols. Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold. None were killed on either side, but 49 British soldiers were taken prisoners. Crown Point was taken in the same manner by Col. Seth Warner, and 11 British soldiers captured.

Eutaw Springs

South Carolina

8 September 1781

Fought between the British, under Col. Stuart, and 2,000 Americans, under Gen. Greene. The British were defeated. Loss: British; 85 killed, 70 wounded,and 538 made prisoners. American; 555 killed, wounded and missing.

Falmouth

Maine

18 October 1775

Attacked by the British fleet, under Capt. West, burning 139 houses and 278 stores and other buildings.

Forts Clinton and Montgomery
(taking of)

New York

6 October 1777

These forts were on the Hudson river, separated only by a small creek, garrisoned by Americans, under Gov. Clinton. Fort Montgomery was assaulted by 900 British, under Col. Campbell ; and 2,000 British, under Sir Henry Clinton, attacked Fort Clinton simultaneously. Both forts fell into the hands of the British. Loss: American; 250 killed and wounded. British; 200 killed and wounded.

Fort Cornwallis
(taking of)

South Carolina

5 June 1781

This fort was defended by the British, and attacked and taken by the Americans, under Gen. Pickens and Col. Lee. Loss : British; 35 killed, 58 wounded, and 300 made prisoners. American; 40 killed and wounded.

Fort Cumberland

Novia Scotia

20 November 1776

This fort is situated at the head of the Bay of Fundy, in Nova Scotia. It was defended by a British garrison, under Col. Gorham, and attacked by a party of American volunteers, under Capt. Jonathan Eddy. The assailants were defeated.

Fort George
(taking of)

New York

November 1780

Fort George was defended by the British, and attacked and taken by 80 Americans, under Major Talmage, Loss: British; 8 killed and wounded, and 57 made prisoners. American; 1 wounded.

Fort Griswold
(taking of)

Connecticut

6 September 1781

The fort was defended by 160 Americans, under Col. Ledyard, and assaulted and taken by a British force, under Col. Eyre. Loss: American; 80 killed, 40 wounded and 40 made prisoners. British; 48 killed and 145 wounded.

Fort Lee
(evacuation)

New Jersey

18 November 1776

Evacuated by the by Americans, which was compelled by the capture of Fort Montgomery, on the opposite side of the Hudson river, and the approach of a large British force under Cornwallis. Gen. Washington made a hasty and successful retreat into the interior of New Jersey.

Fort Moultrie
(bombardment of)

South Carolina

28 June 1776

Col. Moultrie, with 400 Americans, defended the fort, on which were mounted 26 cannon. Sir Peter Parker, with two 50-gun ships, four frigates of 28 guns, and 4 smaller vessels, mounting in all 270 guns, kept up a furious bombardment for 10 hours; but was finally compelled to retire, with the loss of the Acteon frigate. Loss: British; 200 killed and wounded. American; 10 killed and 22 wounded.

Fort Washington
(taking of)

New York

16 November 1776

This fort was defended by 2,967 Americans, under Col. Magaw. The British marched to the assault under Gen. Matthews, and Lords Cornwallis and Percy ; the Hessians, under Gen. Knyphausen. After some severe fighting, Col. Magaw perceived that defence was hopeless, and surrendered the fort. Loss : American; 53 killed, 96 wounded and 2,818 made prisoners. British and Hessian; 800 killed and wounded.

Germantown

Pennsylvania

4 October 1777

Fought between 11,000 Americans, under Gen. Washington, and 20,000 British under Gen. Howe. The Americans were defeated. Loss : American; 200 killed, 600 wounded, and 400 made prisoners. British; 100 killed, and 500 wounded.

Guilford

North Carolina

15 March 1781

Fought between 4,400 Americans, under Gen. Greene, and 2,400 British, under Lord Cornwallis. The British were victorious. Loss: American; 450 killed and wounded. British; 532 killed, wounded and missing.

Hanging Bock

South Carolina

6 August 1780

Col. Sumpter, with 600 Americans, attacked and defeated the British, consisting of the Prince of Wales' regiment and a large body of Tories. The regiment was almost entirely destroyed ; from 278 it was reduced to 9 men.

Harlem Heights

New York

12 October 1776

Harlem Heights, (N. Y.,) October 12,1776. Fought by three companies of Virginia Continentals, under Major Leitch, and a corps of rangers, under Col. Knowlton, against two battalions of British and three companies of Hessians. The Americans were victorious, but both their commanders were slain. Loss : British and Hessian ; 117 killed, wounded and missing. American ; 50 killed, wounded and missing.

Hubbardton

New York

7 July 1777

Fought between 1,000 Americans, under Col. Warner, and 850 British, under Gen. Frazer, reinforced by a division of Hessians, under Gen. Reidesel. The king's troops were victorious. Loss : American ; 200 killed and 600 wounded. British and Hessian ; 35 killed and 144 wounded.

James Island

South Carolina

August 1782

The Americans, under Capt. Wilmot, attacked and defeated a party of British. This was the last blood shed in the war of Independence.

King's Mountain

South Carolina

7 October 1780

Fought between 1,600 Americans, under Colonels Campbell, Shelby and Cleaveland, and a large force of British and Tories, under Major Ferguson. Loss : British; 150 killed, 150 wounded, and 810 made prisoners. American ; trifling. This was the most important battle in the South, and from that date the tide turned against the British, soon followed by their expulsion from the interior to the coast.

Lexington

Massachusetts

19 April 1775

Fought between 1,700 British regulars, under Col. Smith and Lord Percy, and a small body of Massachusetts militia, under Major Buttrick. The Americans were victorious. Loss: British; 65 killed, 180 wounded, and 28 made prisoners. American; 50 killed, 34 wounded, and 4 made prisoners. (Part of this fight was at Concord, Mass.)

Long Island

New York

27 August 1776

Fought between 15,000 Americans, under Gens. Washington, Putnam, Sullivan and Lord Stirling, and 24,000 British and Hessians, under Gens. Howe, Clinton, Percy, Cornwallis, Grant and De Heister. The king's troops were victorious. Loss : American ; 500 killed and wounded, 1,097 made prisoners. British and Hessian ; 450 killed, missing and wounded.

McCowan's Ford

North Carolina

1 February 1781

February 1,1781. Fought between the British, under Lord Cornwallis, and 300 Americans, under Col. Davidson. The Americans were defeated.

Minisink

New York

23 July 1779

The Minisink settlements, Orange county, N. Y., were attacked by 60 Indians and 27 Tories, under Brandt. The inhabitants were all either killed or carried away.

Monmouth

New Jersey

28 June 1778

Fought between the British, under Lord Cornwallis, and the Americans, under Washington. Both sides claimed the victory. Loss : British; 246 killed, 59 died of fatigue, 44 wounded. American; 142 killed, 160 wounded.

Moore's Creek Bridge

North Carolina

27 February 1776

Fought between about 1,000 North Carolina provincials, under Cols. Caswell and Livington, and about 2,000 royalists, under Col. McLeod. The royalists threw down their arms and fled after the first onset.

Musgrove's Mills

South Carolina

18 August 1780

Musgrove's Mills, (S. C.,) August 18,1780. 500 British and Tories defeated by the Americans, under Col. Williams, and 120 killed and wounded.

Newtown

New York

29 August 1779

Fought between 4,600 Americans, under Gen. Sullivan, and a large number of Indians of the Six Nations, together with Royalists, under Johnson, Butler and Brandt. The Americans were victorious. Few were killed, and none made prisoners.

Ninety-Six

South Carolina

22 May 1781

Fought between the Americans, under Gen. Greene, and 500 British, under Col. Cruger. The Americans were repulsed. Loss : American; 150 killed and wounded. British; unknown.

Onondagas

New York

19 April 1779

The Onondagas were attacked and defeated, and their settlements burned, by 550 Americans, under Col. Van Schaick. Loss : Indian; 12 killed and 34 made prisoners.

Oriskany

New York

6 August 1777

Fought between a body of American militia, under Gen. Herkimer, and a party of British and Indians in ambuscade. The militia were defeated, and 400 of their number, among whom was Herkimer himself, were killed.

Paoli
(massacre at)

Pennsylvania

20 September 1777

A detachment of 1,500 Americans, under Gen. Wayne, were surprised at midnight by a British division under Lord Grey, and 300 Americans were slain while crying for quarter. The rest escaped. British loss, 8 killed and wounded.

Paulus Hook

New Jersey

19 July 1779

The British post at Paulus Hook, commanded by Major. Southerland, was surprised by 300 Americans, under Major Lee. Loss : British; 30 killed and 159 made prisoners. American; 2 killed and 3 wounded.

Petersburgh

Virginia

25 April 1781

The British, under Gens. Arnold and Philips, took Petersburgh, after a severe action with the Americans, under Baron Steuben.

Port Royal Island

Georgia

2 February 1779

Port Royal Island, (Ga.,) February 2,1779. Fought between 200 Americans, under Gen. Moultrie, and 200 British, under Major Gardiner. The Americans were victorious. Loss: British; unknown. American; 8 killed and 22 wounded.

Princeton

New Jersey

3 January 1777

Fought between the 17th and 55th regiments of British infantry, under Col. Mawhood, and 4,000 Americans, under Gen. Washington. The British were defeated. Loss : British; 110 killed, 300 made prisoners. American; 100 killed and wounded.

Quaker Hill

Rhode Island

29 August 1778

Fought between the rear of the American army, under Gen. Sullivan, and a detachment of British sent out from Newport by Sir Robert Pigott. The British were repulsed. Loss: British; 260 killed, wounded and missing. American; 30 killed, 137 wounded and 44 missing.

Quebec
(assault on)

Canada

31 December 1775

Less than 1,000 Americans, under Gen. Montgomery and Col. Arnold, made a desperate assault on Quebec, one of the strongest fortified cities in the world, which was defended by 1,500 British regulars, under Gen. Carleton. Gen. Montgomery was killed, and his troops repulsed. Loss : American; 100 killed and wounded, 300 made prisoners. British; unknown.

Red Bank

New Jersey

22 October 1777

Fort Mercer, at Red Bank, on the Delaware, was garrisoned by 400 Americans, under Col. Greene. Three battalions of Hessian grenadiers, the regiment of Mirback, and some infantry chasseurs,  under Col. Donop, assaulted it, but were repulsed. Loss : British; 400 killed and wounded. American ; 32 killed and wounded.

Ridgefield

Connecticut

27 April 1777

Fought between 800 Americans, under Generals Wooster, Arnold and Silliman, and 2,000 British, under Gen. Tryon. The Americans were defeated. Loss: American; 100 killed, wounded and missing. British ; 170 ditto.

Sag Harbor

New York

23 May 1777

Sag Harbor was a British depot of provisions, on the eastern end of Long Island, defended by a schooner of 12 guns, and a company of British infantry. It was surprised and carried with charged bayonets by 170 Americans, under Col. Miegs. Loss : British; 6 killed and 90 made prisoners.

Savannah

Georgia

29 December 1778

Fought by 600 Continentals and about 100 militia, under Gen. Robert Howe, against 2,000 British, under Col. Campbell. The Americans were defeated, and the town and fort fell into the hands of the British. Loss: American; 100 killed and 453 made prisoners. British; 7 killed and 19 wounded.

Savannah
(assault on)

Georgia

9 October 1779

Savannah, (Ga.,) assault on, October 9, 1779. Savannah was held by a British garrison, under Gen. Prévost, and assaulted by 3,500 French, under Count D'Estaing, and 950 Americans, under Gen. Lincoln. The allies were repulsed. Loss: French; 637 killed and wounded. American; 241 killed and wounded. British; unknown.

Springfield

New Jersey

23 June 1780

Fought between the British, under Gen. Knyphausen, and the Americans under Gen. Greene. The Americans were defeated. Loss : American ; 80 killed and wounded. British ; unknown

Stillwater
(First Battle)

New York

19 September 1777

Fought between 5,000 Americans, under Gen. Gates, and .7,000 British, under Gen. Burgoyne. Both parties claimed the victory. Loss: American; 319 killed, wounded and missing. British; 500 killed, wounded and missing.

Stillwater
(Second Battle)

New York

7 October 1777

This was the last battle fought between the armies of Gens. Gates and Burgoyne, and led to the surrender of Burgoyne's army ten days afterwards. Number of troops engaged : British and German; 5,752. American; 10,722.

Stono Ferry

South Carolina

20 June 1779

Fought between 1,200 Americans, under Gen. Lincoln, and a British force under Col. Maitland. The Americans were defeated. Loss : American; 179 killed and wounded. British ; unknown.

Stony Point
(storming of)

New York

16 July 1779

The garrison consisted of 606 British, under Col. Johnson. The assault was successfully made at midnight, by an American force, under Gen. Wayne. Loss : British; 63 killed, and 543 made prisoners. American; 98 killed and wounded.

Tappan
(Massacre at)

New York

28 September 1778

A regiment of American cavalry, under Col. Baylor, were surprised by the British under Gen. Gray, while asleep, and no quarter given. Out of 104 privates, 67 were killed, wounded or taken.

Ticonderoga
(Taking Of)

New York

10 May 1775

Ticonderoga was taken by surprise by about 90 Connecticut and New Hampshire volunteers, under Cols. Ethan Allen and Benedict Arnold. None were killed on either side, but 49 British soldiers were taken prisoners. Crown Point was taken in the same manner by Col. Seth Warner, and 11 British soldiers captured.

Trenton

New Jersey

26 December 1776

Fought between 3,000 Americans, under Gen. Washington, and an advance division of the British army, consisting of Hessians. The Americans won the victory. Loss: Hessian; 20 killed and 909 made prisoners. American; 2 killed, 2 frozen to death, and 5 wounded.

Waxhaws

South Carolina

29 May 1780

Col. Tarleton, with his legion and a corps of British light infantry, attacked and defeated 400 Americans, under Col. Buford. Loss: American; 113 killed, 203 wounded and made prisoners. British; 12 killed and 5 wounded.

White Plains

New York

28 October 1776

After the disastrous battle of Long Island, the American forces under Gen. Washington rallied near White Plains, where they were attacked by the British and Hessians, under Gens. Howe, Clinton, Knyphausen and De Heister. Each party claimed the victory, but as Gen. Washington maintained his position until the 30th, the British may be said to have been defeated. Loss : British, Hessian and American; several hundred.

Williamson's Plantation

South Carolina

12 July 1780

Col. Sumpter, with 133 Americans, attacked and defeated a considerable detachment of British.

Wyoming
(massacre of)

Pennsylvania

3 July 1778

The Tory Col. John Butler, and the ferocious Brandt, with a force of 2,000 Tories and 900 Indians, fell upon the American settlements on the Susquehanna,and massacred the inhabitants.

Yorktown
(siege of)

Virginia

19 October 1781

The place was defended by a British army, under Lord Cornwallis, and besieged about a month by the allied French and Americans, under Gen. Washington and Count de Rochambeau. On the 19th of October Cornwallis surrendered. British force, 5,950. American, 9,000. French, 7000. Loss: British; 552 killed and wounded. American and French; 300 killed and wounded.