Chinese Weapon System Designations

Space Related Equipment

English Acronym

Chinese
(Pinyin)

English Translation

Use

SZ

Shén Zhōu

Divine Boat

Manned Spacecraft

TL

Tian Lian

Heavenly Link

Data Relay Satellites

FY

Feng Yun

Wind and Clouds

Meteorological Satellites

HY

Hai Yang

Sea [Ocean?]

Maritime Surveillance Satellites

BD

Bei Dou

Big Dipper

GPS Satellites

YG

Yao Gan

Far Sensing

Intelligence Satellites (Spy)

JB

Jian Bing

Champion (in the soldierly sense)

Intelligence Satellites (Spy)

ZY

Zi Yuan

Resource

Earth Sciences Satellite (civilian mapping, etc)

FB

Feng Bao

Storm

Heavy Launch System

CZ

Chang Zheng

Long March

Human-rated Heavy Launch System

FH

Feng Huo

Wind and Fire (or Signal Fire)

Military Communications Satellites

Weapon Systems

English Acronym

Chinese
(Pinyin)

English Translation

Use

CY

Chang Ying

Long Tassel (As in of a Qiang spear)

Anti Submarine Missile?

DF

Dong Feng

East Wind

Land-Based Ballistic Missiles

FJ

Fan Ji

Counter-attack

Anti-Ballistic Missiles

FY

Fei Long

Flying Dragon


FY

Fan Ying

Reaction

Explosive Reactive Armor

HJ

Hong Jian

Red Arrow

Anti-Tank Guided Missiles

HQ

Hong Qi

Red Flag

Surface to Air Missiles

HY

Hai Ying

Sea Eagle

Anti Ship Missile

JL

Julang

Giant Wave

Sea-Based Ballistic Missiles

KB

Kuang Biao

Berserk Tornado

Nuclear Bombs.

KD

Kong Di

Air-Ground

Land-Attack Cruise Missiles

LS

Lei Shi

Thunder Rock

Guided Bombs

LT

Lei Ting

Thunder Strike

Laser-Guided Bombs

LY

Lie Ying

Hunting Eagle (or Falcon)

Naval Surface to Air Missiles

PL

Pi Li

Thunder

Missiles

QW

Qian Wei

Vanguard

Man portable Surface to Air Missiles (MANPADs)

SD

Shan Dian

Lightning

Missiles

SY

Shang You

Upper Reaches (of a river)


TY

Tian Yan

Sky Swallow

Light Air-to-Air Missile

YJ

Ying Ji

Eagle Strike

Anti-Ship Missiles

YL (or Y)

Yu Lei (usually shortened to Yu )

Fish Thunder [Also: Yu lei literally means torpedo in Chinese]

Torpedoes

Vehicle Designations

Acronym

Full Version

English Translation

Use

T

Tan-Ke

Sinofied version of Tank.

Tank

Z

Zhuang Jia

Armoured


Aircraft Designation

Acronym

Full Version

English Translation

Use

CJ (初教)

Chuji Jiaolianji (初级教练机)

First-level Training Aircraft

Primary Trainer

H ()

Hongzhaji (轰炸机)

Bombing Aircraft

Bomber

J ()

Jianjiji (歼击机)

Destruction Strike Aircraft

Fighter

JL (教练)

Jiaolianji (教练机)

Training Aircraft

Trainer

Q ()

Qiangjiji (强击机)

Assault Aircraft

Attack

SH (水轰)

Shuishang Hongzhaji (水上轰炸机)

Water-borne Bombing Aircraft

Maritime Bomber

WZ (无侦)

Wuren Zhenchaji (无人侦察机)

Unmanned Reconnaissance

Unmanned Aerial Vehicle

KJ (空警)

(空中预警机)


Airborne Early Warning

X (滑翔)

Xiangji (滑翔机)


Glider

Y ()

Yunshuji (运输机)

Transportation Aircraft

Transport

Z

Zhishengji (直升机)

Vertical-ascending Aircraft

VTOL/Helicopter

Aircraft Prefix Modifications

Examples are:

HD (轰电): Bomber, modified for EW
HJ (
轰教): Bomber Trainer
HU (
轰油): Bomber, modified as tanker
HZ (
轰侦): Reconnaissance Bomber
JJ (
歼教) Fighter Trainer
JZ (
歼侦): Reconnaissance Fighter
QD (
强电): Attacker, modified for EW

Acronym

Full Version

English Translation

Use

D ()

Dianzhan (电子作战机)

Electronics

Electronic Warfare

J ()

Jiaolian (教练机)

Training

Trainer

U ()

You (加油机)

Oil

Tanker

Z ()

Zhencha (侦察机)

Reconnaissance

Reconnaissance

Small Arms Designations

English Acronym

Chinese
(Pinyin)

English Translation

Q

Qiang

Gun

Z

Zu

Family

B

Buqiang

Infantry Rifle

ZB

Zidong Buqiang

Assault Rifle (Mostly Ignored Today)

J

Jiguanqiang

Machine-Type Weapons (aka HMGs, etc)

C

Chongfengqiang

Submachine Gun

Currently-Used Small Arms Combinations

English Acronym

Chinese
(Pinyin)

English Translation

QBZ

Qiang Buqiang Zu

Gun, Infantry Rifle, Family

QJZ

Qiang Jiguanqiang Zu

Gun, Machine-Type, Family

QSZ

Qiang Shouqiang Zu

Gun, Handgun, Family

QSW

Qiang Shouqiang Weisheng

Gun, Handgun, Silenced

QBB

Qiang Buqiang Banyongjiguanqiang

Gun, Assault rifle, Squad automatic weapon (as in Type 95 LSW)

QSZ

Qiang, Sandan, Zu

Gun, Spreading Munitions, Family (Shotguns)