Soviet/Russian
Acronyms

(Updated 25 March 2014)



Terms:
Frontal Aviation [FA] (Frontovaya aviatsiya)
Supreme Command's Long-Range Bomber Arm [DBA-GK] (dal'nebombardirovochnaya aviatsiya Glavnovo Komandovaniya)

Little Known Aviation Bureaux

ENGLISH ACRONYM

RUSSIAN ACRONYM

RUSSIAN

ENGLISH

Ar

Ар

Архангельский

Arkhangel'ski
(aircraft designer)

K

К

Калинин

Kalinin

Li

Ли

Лисунов

Lisunov
(chief engineer of aircraft factory)

M

М

Мясищева

Myasishchev
(aircraft designer)

Yer

Ep

Ермолаев

Yermolaev
(aircraft designer)

Aircraft Designations

ENGLISH ACRONYM

RUSSIAN ACRONYM

RUSSIAN

ENGLISH

A


avtozhir

autogyro

ANT



Andrei Nikolaevich Tupolev (designer)

BB


Blizhni bombardirovshchik

Close-Support Bomber

BSh


Bronirovanny shturmovik

Armoured Ground-Attack Bomber (lit. 'Assaulter')

DB


Dal'ni bombardirovshchik

Long-Range Bomber

DI


Dvukhmestny istrebitel'

Two-Seat Fighter

DIP


Dvukhmestny istrebitel' pushechny

Two-Seat Cannon-Armed Fighter

DIS


Dvukhmotorny istrebitel' soprovozhdeniya

Twin-Engined Escort Fighter

DVB


Dal'ni vysotny bombardirovshchik

Long-Range High-Altitude Bomber

G


Grazhdanski

Civil

GST


Gidrosamolyot transportny

Seaplane Transport

I


Istrebitel' — Fighter

Fighter

KOR


Korabel'ny razvedchik

Shipborne Reconnaissance

LFI


lyohkiy frontovoy istrebitel'

Light Tactical Fighter

LR


Lyogki razvedchik

Light Reconnaissance

LSh


Lyogki shturmovik

Light Ground-Attack Bomber

M


Morskoi

Naval; Maritime

MBR


Morskoi blizhni razvedchik

Short-Range Reconnaissance Flying Boat

MDR


Morskoi dal'ni razvedchik

Long-Range Reconnaissance Flying Boat

MR


Morskoi razvedchik

Reconnaissance Flying Boat

MTB


Morskoi tyazhyoly bombardirovshchik

Heavy Bomber Flying Boat

MU


Morskoi uchebny

Flying Boat Trainer

PAK-DA


Perspektivnyi Aviatsionnyi Kompleks Dalney Aviatsyi

Future Air Complex for Strategic Air Forces

PAK-FA


Perspektivnyi Aviatsionnyi Kompleks Frontovoi Aviatsyi

Future Air Complex for Frontal Aviation

PB


Pikiruyushchi bombardirovshchik

Dive-Bomber

PFI


perspektivnyy frontovoy istrebitel'

Advanced Tactical Fighter

PI


Pushechny istrebitel'

Cannon-Armed Fighter

PLMI


perspektivnyy lyohkiy mnogotselevoy istrebitel

Advanced mass-produced light fighter

PS


Passazhirski samolyot

Passenger Aircraft

R


Razvedchik

Reconnaissance

ROM


Razvedchik otkrytovo morya

Open Sea Reconnaissance

S


Sanitarny

Ambulance

SB


Skorostnoi bombardirovshchik

High-Speed Bomber

ShON


Shturmovik osobovo naznacheniya

Special Purpose Ground-Attack Bomber

SS


Samolyot svyazi

Liaison Aircraft

TB


Tyazhyoly bombardirovshchik

Heavy Bomber

TIS


Tyazhyoly istrebitel' soprovozhyodeniya

Heavy Escort Fighter

TSh


Tyazhyoly shturmovik

Heavy Ground-Attack Bomber

U


Uchebny

Training (Basic)

UT


Uchebno-trenirovochny

Training (Primary)

UTI


Uchebno-trenirovochny istrebitel'

Fighter Trainer

VB


Vysotny bombardirovshchik

High-Altitude Bomber

VI


Vysotny istrebitel'

High-Altitude Fighter

VIT


Vozdushny istrebitel' tankov

Anti-Tank Aircraft

VP


Vysotny perekhvatchik

High-Altitude Interceptor

VS


Voiskovaya seriya

Military series

Aviation Armament Designations

ENGLISH ACRONYM

RUSSIAN ACRONYM

RUSSIAN

ENGLISH

AgitAB


aghitatsionnaya Aviabomba

Psychological Warfare Bombs
(Leaflets)

AO


oriyenteerno-signahl'-naya oskol-ochnaya

Fragmentation Bombs

APU


aviatsionnoye poosko-voye oostroystvo

Aircraft Mounted Launcher

APU-O


avi-atsionnoye pooskovoye oostroystvo, odi-nochnoye

Aircraft Mounted Launcher, Single

ARO


avtomaticheskoye reaktivnoye oroodiye

Automatic Jet-Gun

ARS


Aviatsionnyy Reaktivnyy Snaryad

Aircraft Rocket Projectile

BD


Bahlochnyy Derzhah-te/

Beam-Type Rack

BrAB


broneboynaya Aviabomba

Armor Piercing Bombs

DAB


dymovaya Aviabomba

Smoke Bomb

DOSAB


dnev-naya oriyenteerno-signahl'naya Aviabomba

day marker/signal flare bombs

FAB


Fugasnaya Aviatsionnaya Bomba


FotAB


fotograficheskaya Aviabomba

Photo Bomb

FZAB


foogahsno-zazhigahtel'naya Aviabomba

HE/Inciendary Bombs

IAB


imitatsionnaya Aviabomba

Simulation Bomb
(as in Nukes)

KAB


korrekteeruyemaya Aviabomba

Guided Bomb

KARS


kumulyativnyy aviatsionnyy reaktivnyy snaryad

Shaped-Charge Aircraft Rocket Projectile

MA


Mina Aviatsionnaya

Air-dropped Mine

MKU


mnogopozitsionnaya kata-pool'tnaya oostanovka

Multi-Position Ejector Unit
(Rotary Launcher)

NOSAB


nochnaya oriyenteerno-signahl'naya Aviabomba

night marker/signal flare bomb

ODAB


ob'yomno-detoneeruyushchaya aviabomba

Volume-Detonation Air Dropped Bomb
(FAE)

OFAB


oskolochno-foogahsnaya Aviabomba

HE/Fragmenation Bombs

OMAB


oriyenteerno-morskaya Aviabomba

maritime marker/signal bombs

ORO


odnozaryadnoye reak-tivnoye oroodiye

Single-Round Jet Gun

P


prakticheskaya [aviabomba]

Practice Bomb

PIAB


pro-tivolodochaya Aviabomba

Anti-Submarine Bombs

PROSAB


pro-tivosamolyotnaya aviabomba

Anti-Aircraft Bomb

PTAB


protivotahnkovaya Aviabomba

shaped-charge anti-tank bombs

PTAB


Protivotankovaya aviatsionnaya bomba

Anti-Tank Bomb

PU


pooskovoye oostroystvo

Launcher

RBK


razovaya bombovaya kasseta

Disposable Bomb Casette
(Cluster Bomb)

RBS


reaktivnyy broneboynyy snaryad

Armor-piercing rocket projectile

RBU


Raketnaya Bombometnaya Ustanovka

Anti-submarine Rocket Launcher

RO


Reaktivnoye Oroodiye

Rocket Gun/Launcher

ROFS


reaktivnyy oskolochno-foogahsnyy snaryad

High Explosive, Fragmentation Rocket Projectile

RS


Reaktivnyy Snaryad
or
Raketny snaryad

Rocket Projectile/Missile
(as in RS-82)

RVK


raketno-vertolyotnyy kompleks

heliborne missile system

RW-AE


raketa 'vozdookh-vozdookh', aktivnaya, eksportnaya

Air-to-Air Missile, Active [Homing], Export Version

SAB


svetyashchaya Aviabomba

Flare Bomb

ShOAB


shariko-vaya oskolochnaya avia-Bomba


T


Torpedonosyets

Torpedo

TsOSAB


tsvetnaya oriyenteerno-signahl'naya Aviabomba

Colored Marker/signal flare bomb

UB


oopravlyayemaya bomba

Guided/Controlled Bomb

UR


oochebnaya raketa

Training Missile

VAP


Vylivnoy Aviatsionny Pribor

Napalm Canister

ZAB


zazhigahtel'naya Aviabomba

Incendiary Bombs

ZB


zazhi-gahtel'nyy bahk

Incendiary Tank
(Napalm Tank)

Missiles/Rockets

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

KRM


kry-lataya raketa-mishen'

Cruise Missile Target Drone

KS


Kometa-snaryad

Comet Missile

MV


mishen' vysotnaya

High Altitude Target Drone

OS


Odinochnny Start

Individual Launch
(Second Generation ICBM Silo)

SDK


Samolyot-Dooblyor Komety

Doubler Aircraft, Comet
(as in MiG-17SDK)

Engine Designations

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

ACh



Aleksei Charomski
(aeroengine designer)

AI



Aleksandr Ivchenko
(aeroengine designer)

AL



Arkhip Lyul'ka
(aeroengine designer)

AM



Aleksandr Mikulin
(aeroengine designer)

ASh



Arkadi Shvetsov
(aeroengine designer)

GTD

ГTД

Gazoturbinnyi Dvigatel

Gas Turbine Engine

M


Motor

Engine

NK



Nikolai Kuznetsov
(aeroengine designer)

PD


pryamotochnyy dvigatel'

Ramjet

PRD


porokhovoy raketnyy dviga-tel'

Solid-Fuel Rocket Motor

RD


Reaktivny dvigatel'

Reaction Engine

TR


Turboreaktivny

Gas-Turbine

TV


Turbovintovy

Turboprop

VD



Viktor Dobryin
(Aeroengine designer)

VK



Vladimir Klimov
(aeroengine designer)

Rifle/Gun/Cannon Designations

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

AK

АК

Avtomat Kalashnikova

Kalashnikov automatic rifle

AKM

АКМ

Avtomat Kalashnikova Modernizirovanny

Kalashnikov Automatic rifle, Modified

AN


Avtomat Nikonova

Nikonov Assault Rifle

APS

АПС

Automaticheskij Pistolet Stechkina

Stechkin Automatic Pistol

AS

АC

Avtomat Spetsialnij

Special Assault Rifle

AVS


Automaticheskaya Vintovka Simonova

Simonov Automatic Rifle

DA


Degtyarev aviatsionny

Degtyarev aircraft machine-gun

DP


Degtyarev Pechotnyi

Degtyarev Infantry

MA


Malogabaritnyj Avtomat

Small Size Assault Rifle

N



Nudel'man
(designer of aircraft armament)

NR



Nudel'man and Rikhter (designers of aircraft armament)

NS



Nudel'man and Suranov (designers of aircraft armament)

PK

ПК

Pulemyot Kalashnikova


PKM

ПКМ

Pulemyot Kalashnikova Modernizirovannyj


PKS

ПКC

Pulemyot Kalashnikova Stankovyj


PKT

ПKT

Pulemyot Kalashnikova Tankovyi

Kalashnikov Machine-gun Tank version

PM


Pistolet Makarova


PPD


Pistolet-Pulemyot Degtyarova


PPS


Pistolet-Pulemet Sudaeva


PPSch


Pistolet Pulemjot Schpagina


PSA


Pistolet Stechkina-Avraamova


PSM


Pistolet Samozaryadny Malogabaritny


PSS


Pistolet Samozaryadny specialny


PTAB


Protivotankovaya aviatsionnaya bomba


PV


Pulemyot vozdushny

Aircraft Machine-Gun

PYa


Pistolet Yarygina


RPD

PПД

Ruchnoy Pulemet Degtyarova

Degtyaryov light machine gun

RPG

РПГ

Raketniy Protivotankoviy Granatomet

rocket anti-tank grenade launcher

RPK

PПК

Ruchnoi Pulemet Kalashnikova

Kalashnikov light machine gun

ShKAS


Shpital'ny-Komaritski aviatsionny skorostrelny

Shpital'ny-Komaritski Rapid-Firing
(aircraft machine-gun)

ShVAK


Shpital'ny-Vladimirov aviatsionnaya krupnokalibernaya

Shpital'ny-Vladimirov
Large-Calibre
(aircraft cannon)

SKS


Samozaryadnyj Karabin Simonova


SPS


Samozaryadnyj Pistolet Serdjukova


SV


Snaiperskaya Vintovka


SVD




SVT


Samozaryadnaya Vintovka Tokareva


TT


Tula, Tokarev


UB


Universal'nyj Berezina

Multiple Purpose Machine Gun, Designed by Berezin

VSS

ВCC

Vinovka Snaiperskaja Spetsialnaya


VYa



Volkov-Yartsev
(designers of aircraft armament)

Military Unit Acronyms

ENGLISH ACRONYM

RUSSIAN ACRONYM

RUSSIAN

ENGLISH

AB

Aviatsion'nyi Baza

Aviation Base

ADON


Aviatsion'nyi Diviziya Osobogo Naznacheniya

Aviation Division for Special Purposes

AG


Aviatsion'nyi Grupp

Aviation Group

APON


Aviatsion'nyi Polk Osobogo Naznacheniya

Aviation Regiment for Special Purposes

APSZ


Aviatsion'nyi Polk Samoletov Zaprachikov

Aviation Regiment Aircraft Refuelling

ARZ


Aviatsion'nyi Remont Zavod

Aircraft Repair Works

ATB


Aviatsionnaya Tekhnicheskaya Baza

Aviation Technical Base

BAD


Bombardirovch'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Diviziya

Bomber Aviation Division

BAO


Batal'on aerodromnogo obsluzhivaniya

Airfield Servicing Battalion

BAP


Bombardirovch'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Bomber Aviation Regiment

BKhAT


Baza Khananiya Aviatsionnoy Tekhniki

Base of Aviation Equipment Storage

BKhUAT


Baza Khananiya i Utilizachyi Aviatsionnoy Tekhniki

Base of Aviation Equipment Storage and Disposal

BRAT


Baza Rezerva Aviatsionnoy Tekhniki

Reserve Base for Aviation Equipment

Gv


Gvardiya

Guards (designator for units)

IAD


Istrebitel'naya aviatsionnaya divisiya

Fighter Aviation Division

IAP


Istrebitel'nyy aviatsionnyy polk

Fighter Air Regiment

IISAP


Issledovatel'sko-Instruktorsky Smeshan'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Composite Instruction and Research Aviation Regiment

IIVP

ИИBП

Instruktsiya-Issledovatelsky Vertolet'nyi Polk

Instruction Test Helicopter Regiment

KIAP


Korabel'nyi Istrebitel'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Shipborne Fighter Aviation Regiment

MRAD


Morskoy Razvedivatel'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Diviziya

Naval Reconnaissance Aviation Division

MRAP


Morskoy Razvedivatel'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Naval Reconnaissance Aviation Regiment

NBAP


Nochnoy bombardirovochnyy aviapolk

Night Bomber Air Regiment

OAP


Otdel'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Independent Aviation Regiment

OBVP

OБBП

Otdel'nyi Boy'nyi Vertolet'nyi Polk

Independent Combat Helicopter Regiment

ODRAE


Odel'nyi Dal'naya Razvedivatel'nyi Aviatsion'naya Eskadrilya

Independent Long Range Reconnaissance Aviation Squadron

ODVA


Otdel'naya daln'no-vostochnaya armiya

Independent Far-Eastern Army

OKPLVE



Independent Shipborne Anti-Submarine Helicopter Squadron

OMAP


Otdelnaya Morskoy Aviatsion'naya Polk

Independent Naval Aviation Regiment

OMShAE


Otdel'nyi Morskoy Shturmovoy Aviatsion'nyi Eskadrilya

Independent Naval Attack Aviation Squadron

OMShAP


Otdel'nyi Morskoy Shturmovoy Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Independent Naval Attack Aviation Regiment

OPLVP


Otdel'nyi Protivolodochnyi Vertoletn'nyi Polk

Independent Anti-Submarine Helicopter Regiment

ORAE


Otdelnaya Razvedivatel'naya Aviatsion'naya Eskadrilya

Independent Reconnaissance Aviation Squadron

OSAE

OCAE

Otdel'naya Smeshan'naya Aviatsion'naya Eskadrilya

Independent Mixed Aviation Squadron

OSAP


Otdel'nyi Smeshan'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Independent Mixed Aviation Regiment

OSPLAP


Otdel'nyi Smeshan'nyi Protivolodochn'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Independent Mixed Anti-Submarine Aviation Regiment

OTAE


Otdelnaya Transportaya Aviatsion'naya Eskadrilya

Independent Transport Aviation Squadron

OTAP


Otdel'nyi Transport'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Polk

Independent Transport Aviation Regiment

OTBVP

OTБBП

Otdel'nyi Transport'nyi Boy'nyi Vertolet'nyi Polk

Independent Combat Transport Helicopter Regiment

OVE

OBE

Otdel'naya Vertolet'naya Eskadrilya

Independent Helicopter Squadron

OVP

OBП

Otdel'nyi Vertolet'nyi Polk

Independent Helicopter Regiment

OVTAE


Otdel'naya Voyenno-Transport'naya Aviatsion'naya Eskadrilya

Independent Military Transport Aviation Squadron

PARM


Podvizhnye aviatsionnye remontnye masterskie

Mobile Air-Repair Workshops

PVE


Protivo-Lododoch'nyi Vertolet'nyi Eskadrilya

ASW Helicopter Squadron

PVP


Protivo-Lododoch'nyi Vertolet'nyi Polk

ASW Helicopter Regiment

SAD


Svodnaya (smeshannaya) aviatsionnaya diviziya

Mixed Air Division

ShAD


shturmovaja aviatsionnaja divizija

Assault aviation Division

ShAK


Shturmovoy aviatsionnyy korpus

Assault aviation Air Corps

ShAP


Shturmovoy aviatsionnyy polk

Assault aviation Air Regiment

SKAD



Mixed Shipborne Aviation Division

TsBP i PLS


Tsentr Boevoy Podgotovski i Pereuchivaniya Letnogo Sostava

Aircrew Combat Training and Retraining Centre

UVP


Ucheb'nyi Vertolet'nyi Polk

Helicopter Training Regiment

VA


Vozdushnaya armiya

Air Army

Space Acronyms

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

PS

ПC

Prosteyshiy Sputnik

Elementary Satellite
(Sputnik was PS-1)

Misc. Military Equipment Acronyms

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

APK


Apparatoora Peredahchi Komahnd

Command Link Equipment

ASP


avtomaticheskiy strelkovyy pritsel

Automatic Gun-Sight

BU


blok oopravleniya

Control Module

DVE

ДBE

Datchik Vetra Emkostnoy

Wind Sensor

KMT

KMT

Koleinyi Minnyi Tral

Rut Mine Sweeper
(Tank Mineclearer)

NOV


nekontaktnyy opticheskiy vzryvahtel'

Optical Proximity Fuze

OPB


opticheskiy pri-tsel bombardirovochnyy

Periscopic Synchronized Bombsight

OPVT

OПBT

Oborudovanie Podvodnogo Vozhdenija Tanka

Underwater Tank Driving Equipment

PNK

ПHK

Pritsel'no-Nabludatel'nyi Kompleks

Commander's Targeting and Observation Complex

PRG


passivnaya rahdiolokatsionnaya golovka

Passive Radar Seeker

TGS


teplovaya golovka samonavedeniya

IR Seeker

TKN

TKH

Tankovyi Kompleks Nabludeniya

Tank Observation Complex

TNA

THA

Tankovaya Navigatsionnaya Apparatura

Tank Navigation Equipment

TOS

TOC

Tyazhelnaya ognemetnaya sistema

Heavy Flame-Thrower System

TRS


toorboreak-tivnyy snaryad

Turbo-jet Projectile

ZA


Zenitnaya artilleriya

Anti-Aircraft Artillery

Nuclear Acronyms

ENGLISH ACRONYM

RUSSIAN ACRONYM

RUSSIAN

ENGLISH

AM

AM

Atom Mirny

Peaceful Atom
(used in Reactor Numbers, e.g. AM-1)

RBMK

PБMK

Reactor Bolshoi Moschnosti Kanalynyi

Channelized Large Power Reactor

RDS


Reaktivnyi Dvigatel Stalina

Stalin's Rocket Engine
(Code name of first A Bomb)

VVER

BBЗP

Vodo-Vodyannoy Energeticheskiy Reactor


Naval Ship Designations/Acronyms

ENGLISH ACRONYM

RUSSIAN ACRONYM

RUSSIAN

ENGLISH

AK


Artilleriyskiy Kater

Artillery Cutter

BDK


Bol'shoy Desantnyy Korabl'

Large Landing Ship

BPK


Bol'shoy Protivolodochnyy Korabol'

Large Anti-Submarine Ship

BRK


Bol'shoy Raketnyy Korabl'

Large Missile Ship

BT


Bazovyy Tral' shchik

Base Minesweeper

DK


Desantnyy Korabl'

Landing Ship

DKVP


Desantnyy Korabl' Na Vozdushnoy Podushke

Air Cushion Landing Ship

EHOS


Ekspeditsionnoye Okeanograficheskoye Sudno

Expeditionary Oceanographic Vessel

EM


Eskadrennyy Minonosets

Destroyer

ENS


Elektrostanttsiye Nalivatel'noye Sudno

Electric Power Station Vessel

GKS


Gidroakusticheskoye Kontrol'noye Sudno

Hydroacoustic Monitoring Vessel

GS


Gidrograficheskoye Sudno

Hydrographic Vessel

KIL


Kilektor

Lift Ship

KR


Kreyser

Cruiser

KRZ


Korabl' Razvedyvatel'nyy

Intelligence Ship

KS


Kabel'noye Sudno

Cable Vessel

KSV


Korabl' Svyazey

Communications Ship

KTs


Kontrol'naya Tsel'

Controlled Target

KVN


Korabl' Vozdushnogo Nablyudeniya

Radar Surveillance Ship

LDK


Ledokol

Icebreaker

MB


Morskoy Buksir

Seagoing Tug

MPK


Malyy Protivolodochnyy

Small Anti-Submarine Ship

MRK


Malyy Raketnyy

Small Missile Ship

MT


Morskoy Tral'shchik

Seagoing Minesweeper

MVT


Morskoy Vodnyy Tanker

Seagoing Water Tanker

OS


Opitnoye Sudno

Experimental Vessel

PB


Plavuchaya Baza

Floating Base

PKA


Protivolodochnyy Kater

Anti-Submarine Cutter

PKR


Protivolodochnyy Kreyser

Anti-Submarine Cruiser

PL


Podvodnaya Lodka

Submarine

PLA


Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya

Submarine (nuclear)

PLARB


Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Raketnaya Ballisticheskaya

Ballistic Missile Submarine (nuclear)

PLARK


Podvodnaya Lodka Atomnaya Raketnaya Krylataya

Cruise Missile Submarine (nuclear)

PLRB


Podvodnaya Lodka Raketnaya Ballisticheskaya

Ballistic Missile Submarine

PLRK


Podvodnaya Lodka Raketnaya Krylataya

Cruise Missile Submarine

PSKR


Pogranichniy Storozhevoy Korabl'

Border Patrol Ship

RKA


Raketnyy Kater

Missile Cutter

RKR


Raketnyy Kreyser

Missile Cruiser

SB


Spasatel'nyy Buksir

Rescue Tug

SBR


Sudno Bol'shogo Razmagnichivanya

Large Deperming Vessel

SDK


Srednyy Desantnyy Korabl'

Medium Landing Ship

SKR


Storozhevoy Korabl'

Patrol Ship

SR


Sudno Razmagnichivanya

Deperming Vessel

SS


Spasatel'noye Sudno

Salvage Vessel

SSV


Sudno Svyazyy

Communications Vessel

TAKR


Takticheskoye Avianosnyy Kreyser

Tactical Aircraft Carrying Cruiser

TKA


Torpednyy Kater

Torpedo Cutter

US


Uchebnoye Sudno

Training Vessel

VT


Voyennyy Tanker

Military Tanker

VTR


Voyennyy Transport

Military Transport

ZM


Zaggraditel' Minnyy

Minelayer

Ground Vehicle Acronyms

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

BA

БA

Brone Avtomobil

Armored Car

BMD

БMД

Bronevaya Maschina Desantnaya


BMP

БMП

Boyevaya Mashina Pyekhota


BRDM

БPДM

Bronevaya Rasvedyvatelnaya Dosornaya Maschina


BRM

БPM

Bronevaya Rasvedyvatelnaya Maschina


BT

БТ

Bystrochodnyj Tank

Fast Tank

BTR

БТP

Bronetransportr


IS

ИC

Iosif Stalin

Joseph Stalin

KV

КВ

Klementi Vorishilov

Kliment Vorishilov

PT

ПТ

Plavayushtshiy Tank

Amphibious Tank

SMK

CMК

Sergius Mironovitch Kirov

Sergei M. Kirov

SU

Samokhodnaya Ustanovka

Self-Propelled Mounting

ZSU

ЗCУ

Zenitnaya Samokhodnaya Ustanovka

Anti-Aircraft Self-Propelled Mounting

Government Branches/Institutes

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

MAP


Ministerstvo aviatsionnoy promysh-lennosti

Ministry of Aircraft Industry

MGB


Ministerstvo Gosudarstvennoi Bezopasnosti

Ministry of State Security

MKB

MКБ

Mashinostro-itel'noye Konstrooktorskoye Byuro

Machinery Design Bureau

MSP


Ministerstvo soodostroitel'noy promyshlennosti

Ministry of Shipbuilding

MVD


Ministerstvo vnutrennikh del

Ministry of Internal Affairs

NKVD


Narodny komissariat vnutrennykh del

People's Commissariat for Internal Affairs

OGPU


Ob'edinyonnoe gosudarstvennoe politicheskoe upravlenie

Amalgamated State Political Directorate

Revvoyensovet

Реввоенсовет

Revolyutsionno-voyennyy sovet

Revolutionary Military Council

Sovnarkom

Совнарком

Sovet narodnykh komissarov

Council of People's Commissars

Military Branches/Institutions

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

A-VMF


Aviatsiya voenno-morskovo flota

Naval Air Force

ADD

AДД

Aviatsiya dal'nego deystviya

Long-Range Aviation

AK-RVGK


Aviatsionnyy korpus reserva Glavnogo Komandovaniya

Air Corps of the Stavka Reserve

AON


Aviatsiya osobogo naznacheniya

Special-Purpose Aviation

Aviadarm


Aviatsiya deistvuyushchei armii

Operational Army Air Arm

AVMF


Aviahtsiya Voyenno-morskovo flota

Naval Aviation

BAD


bomoardirovotshnaja aviatsionnaja divizija

Bomber Aviation Division

DA


Dal'naya aviatsiya

Long-Range Aviation

DBA


Dal'no-bombardirovochnaya aviatsiya

Long-Range Bomber Force

FA


Frontovaya Aviatsiya

Frontal Aviation

GAU

ГAУ

Glavnoye Artilleriskoye Upravleniye

Main Artillery Directorate

IA


Istrebitel'naya aviatsiya

Fighter Aviation

IA-PVO


Istrebitel'naya aviatsiya protivovozdushnoi oborony

Fighter Aviation of Air Defense

IAD


istrebitel´naja aviatsionnaja divizija

Fighter Aviation Division

MMG


Moto-manevrennaya gruppa

Motor-Manoeuvre Group, of the Border Troops, also known as 'Motomon'

MV?


Motostrelkovyye Voyska

Motorized Rifle Troops

PKO



Anti-Space Defense

PRO



Anti-Rocket Defense

PVO


Protivovozdushnaya oborona

Air Defence

PVO

ПВO

Protivovozdushnoi Oboroky

National Air Defense

PVO-Strany


Voyska Protivovozdushnoy Oborony
Strany

Troops of National Air Defense

PVO-SV


Voyska Protivovozdushnoy Oborony
Sukhoputnykh Voysk

Troops of Air Defense of the Ground Forces

RAB


Raion aviatsionnovo bazirovaniya

Air Basing Region

RKKVVF


Raboche-Krest'yanski Krasny vozdushny flot.

Workers & Peasants Red Air Fleet

RSVN

PCВH

Raketnyye Voyska Strategicheskogo Naznacheniya

Strategic Rocket Forces

RTV


Radiotekhnicheskieye Voyska

Radio-Technical Troops

RVA?


Raketnyy Voyska i Artilleriya

Rocket Troops and Artillery

ShAD


shturmovaja aviatsionnaja divizija

Assault aviation Division

STAVKA


Shtab glavnogo/verkhovnogo komandovaniya

Headquarters/Supreme High Command

SV


Sukhoputnyee Voyska

Ground Force

SVAG

CВAГ

Sovetskaya Voennaya Administratsiya-Germanii

Soviet Military Administration-Germany

TDA


Transportno-desantnaya aviatsiya

Airborne Forces Transport Command

TV?


Tankovyye Voyska

Tank Troops

VDV

ВДВ

Vozdushno-desantnyye voiska

Airborne Troops

VMF

ВMФ

Voyenno-morskoy flot

Navy

VNOS


(Sluzhba) vozdushnovo nablyudeniya, opoveshcheniya i svyazi

Air Observation, Alert and Communications (Service)

VTA


Voyenno-Transportnaya Aviatsiya

Transport Aviation

VV

ВВ

Vnnutreye Voyska

Interior Army

VVS

ВВC

Voenno-Vozdushnyi Sily

Air Force

VVS-VMF


Voyenno-vozdushnyye sily-Voyenno-morskoy flot

Naval Air Force

ZA


Zenitnaya artilleriya

Anti-Aircraft Artillery

ZOS


(Sluzhba) zemnogo obespecheniya samoletovozhdeniya

Ground Assistance to Air Navigation Service

ZRV


Zenitnyye Raketnyye Voyska

Zenith Rocket Troops

Paramilitary Organizations

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

DOSAAF


Dobrovol'noe obshchestvo sodeistviya Armii, Aviatsii i Flotu

Voluntary Society for the Support of the Army, Aviation and Fleet

GVF


Grazhdanskiy voydushnyy flot

Civil Air Fleet

Komsomol


Kommunisticheski soyuz molodyozhi

Young Communist League
or
Communist Youth League

ODVF


Obshchestvo druzei vozdushnovo flota

Society of Friends of the Air Fleet

Osoaviakhim


Obshchestvo sodeistviya oborone, aviatsionnomu i khimicheskomu stroitel'stvu

Society for the Support of Defence and of Aviation and Chemical Construction

Industrial Complexes

English
Acronym

Russian
Acronym

Russian Full Meaning

English Full Meaning

AGOS


Aviatsiya, gidroviatsiya i opytnoe stroitel'stvo

Aviation, Hydro-Aviation and Experimental Design

ANPK


Aviatsionnyy naoochno-proizvodstvennyy kompleks

Aviation Scientific & Production Complex

AVAI


Armavirsky Voen'nyi Aviatsion'nyi Institut

Armavir Military Aviation Institute

Avianito


Aviatsionnoe nauchno-issledovatel'skoe tekhnicheskoe obshchestvo

Aviation Scientific-Research Technical Society

BNK


Byuro novykh konstruktsi

New Design Bureau

BOK


Byuro osobykh konstruktsi

Special Design Bureau

BVAI


Balashovsky Voen'nyi Aviatsion'ny Institut

Balashov Military Aviation Institute

GAZ

ГAЗ

Gorkovsky Avtomobilny Zavod

Gorky Automobile Plant

GAZ

ГAЗ

Gosudarstvennyy Aviatsionnyy Zavod

State Aircraft Factory

GKAT


Gosudarstvenny komitet aviatsionnoi tekhniki

State Committee for Aviation Equipment

GKO


Gosudarstvennyy komitet oborony

State Defense Committee

Glavkoavia


Glavnoe pravlenie ob¨edinyonnykh aviatsionnykh zavodov

Main Directorate for the Amalgamated Aircraft Factories

GLIT


Gosoodarstvennyy lyotno-ispy-tahtel'nyy tsentr

State Flight Test Center

GU


Glavnoe upravlenie

Chief Directorate

GUAP


Glavnoe upravlenie aviatsionnoi promyshlennosti

Chief Directorate of the Aircraft Industry

ITS


Inzhenerno-tekhnicheskya sluzhba

Engineering-Technical Service

IZhMASh

ИЖМАШ

– – –

Izhevsk Mechanical Works

KAI


Kazan'ski aviatsionny institut

Kazan' Aviation Institute

KB

КБ

Konstruktorskoye Byuro

Design Bureau

KhAI


Khar'kovski aviatsionny institut

Khar'kov Aviation Institute

KOSOS


Konstruktorski otdel opytnovo samolyotostroeniya

Experimental Aircraft Design Section

LII


Lyotno-issledovatel'ski institut

Flight Research Institute

MAI


Moskovski aviatsionny institut

Moscow Aviation Institute

MAP


Ministerstvo aviatsionnoi promyshlennosti

Ministry for Aircraft Production

MAZ


Minsky Avtomobilny Zavod

Minsk Automotive Plant

MVTU


Moskovskoe vysshee tekhnicheskoe uchilishche

Moscow Higher Technical College

NIAT


Nauchny institut aviatsionnoi tekhniki

Scientific Institute for Aviation Equipment

NII


Nauchno-ispytatel'ny institut

Scientific-Test Institute

NKAP


Narodny komissariat aviatsionnoi promyshlennosti

People's Commissariat for the Aircraft Industry

NKTP


Narodny komissariat tyazhyoloi promyshlennosti

People's Commissariat for Heavy Industry

NPP


naoochno-proizvod-stvennoye predpriyahtiye

Research & Production Enterprise

OKB

OКБ

Opytnoe Konstructorskoe Byuro

Development Design Bureau

OMOS


Otdel morskovo opytnovo samolyotostroeniya

Experimental Floatplane and Flying Boat Design Section

OOK


Otdel osobykh konstruktsi

Section for Special Designs

OSS


Otdel sukhoputnovo samolyotostreniya

Landplane Design Section

PAZ

ПAЗ

Pavlovsky Avtobusny Zavod

Pavlovo Automobile Plant

RIB


Raschotno-ispytatal'noe byuro

Evaluation & Test Bureau

RNII


Reaktivno-issledovatel'ski institut

Reaction-Motor Research Institute

SB

Spetsiahl'noye Byuro

Special Bureau

TsAGI

ЦАГИ

Tsentral'nyy Aero-gidrodinamicheskiy Institut

Central Aero-Hydrodynamics Institute

TsKB


Tsentral'noe konstruktorskoe byuro

Central Design Bureau

UAZ

УAЗ

Ulyanovsky Avtomobilny Zavod

Ulyansk Automobile Plant

VIAM


Vsesoyuznyy institut aviatsionnykh materialov

All-Union Institute for Aviation Materials

ZIL

ЗИЛ

Zavod Imjeni Likhacheva

(Named for Director of Plant)

ZIS

ЗИC

Zavod Imjeni Stalina

(Named for Stalin)