Soviet/Russian Designation
Prefixes and Suffixes

(Updated 25 March 2014)

NOTE: Russian Prefixes can be combined; e.g. KSR-5NM, meaning Low Altitude, Target Drone; or MiG-23ML, meaning Modified, Lightweight; or the Su-30MK, meaning Modernized Export (version).

Ye stands for Yedinitsa (Unit). It is generally used for one off prototypes, like the Ye-155 prototype which became the MiG-31.

Successive modifications are enumerated with numbers; e.g. Su-30MK2; meaning it is the second modernized version to be produced.

Common Prefixes used in Soviet/Russian Bombs/Weapons

English Letter

Russian Letter

Russian

English

N

H

Nizkovysotnaya

Low Altitude
(as in Kh-22N)

M

M

modurnaya konstrooktsiya

Modular Design
(as in Kh-25M)

U

У

Ukorochennyj

Shortened
(as in AKS-74U)

S

C

Synkhronny

Synchronized
(as in UBS)

K

К

Krylevoy

Wing Mounting
(as in UBK)

S

C

Spetsboyepripahs

Special Munition
(as in Nuclear armed Kh-15S)

A

A

aktivnoye samonavedeniye

Active Radar Homing
(as in Kh-31A)

A

A


Active Jacket
(as in FAB-1500ShA)

B

Б

broneboynaya

Armor Piercing

B

Б

betonoboynyy

Concrete Piercing
(as in S-24B)

B

Б

bronirovannykh

Anti-Armor

B

Б

Belyy

White
(as in White Flare)

BK

БK

Broneboinyi Kumulyativnyi

Armor-Piercing Cumulative
(as in HEAT shells)

Ch


Chornyy

Black
(as in Black Smoke)

D

Д

ob"yomnc~] detoneeruyushchaya

Fuel-Air Bomb
(KAB-500D)

F

Ф

Foogahsnaya

High Explosive

(as in UB-2000F)

K

К

kumulyativnaya

Shaped Charge

K

К

kumulyativnyy

Armor Piercing Warhead

K

К

krasnyy

Red
(as in Red Flare)

KO

КO

kumulyativno-oskolochnyy

Armor Piercing/Fragmentation Warhead

L

Л

Lazernoye

Laser Guidance

N

H

nekontaktnyy vzryvahtel

Proximity Fuze
(as in S-24N Rocket)

NV

nekontaktnyy vzryvahtel'

Proximity Fuze

O

O

oskolochnyy

Fragmentation

O

O

osvetitel'nyy [snaryad]

Illumination

OF

oskolochno-foogahsnyy

HE/Fragmentation Warhead

P

П

p'yezoelektricheskiy vzryvahtel

Piezoelectric Fuze
(Equipped With)

P

П

protivorahdiolokatsionnyy [snaryad]

Anti-Radar Round

P

П

Passivnaya

Passive Radar Homing
(As in Kh-22P)

PS

ПC

passivnoye samonavedeniye

Passive Radar Homing
(as in Kh-27PS)

R

P

Raketa

Missile
(as in R-45 Atoll)

S

C

Samonavedeniye

Self-Guided

S

C

Strela

Flechette Warhead

Sh


Shtoormovaya

Ground Attack (Retarded)
(as in FAB-500Sh)

T

T

teplo-vaya [golovka samonavedeniya]

IR Seeker Head

(Equipped With)

T

T

termostoykoye vzryvchatoye veshchestvo

Heat-Resistant Explosive
(as in FAB-500M-62T)

Z

З

zelyonyy

Green
(as in Green Flare)

Zh


iorzholtyy

Yellow
(as in Yellow Flare)

Common Prefixes used in Soviet/Russian Aircraft

English Letter

Russian Letter

Russian

English

bis

--

--

Improved
(as in MiG-21bis)

F

Ф

Forsirovanny

Uprated
(Used when engines are replaced with more powerful ones)

K

К

Korabelnogo bazirovaniya

Deck Based
(as in Carrier A/C; MiG-29K)

F


Frontovoy

Frontline (e.g. Tactical)
(As in MiG-31FE)

K


Kommehrcheskiy

Commercial

M

M

Modifitsirovanny

Modified
(as in MiG-29M)

L

Л

Lyohkiy

Lightweight
(as in MiG-23ML)

U


oochebnyy

Trainer

UB


oochebno-boyevoy

Combat-Capable Trainer

UT



Unarmed Trainer

M


Modernizeerovannyy

Modernized/Upgraded

P


Perekhvatchik

Interceptor
(as in MiG-21P)

R

P

Razvedchik

Reconnaissance
(as in MiG-21R)

T


Toplivo

Fuel
(used for versions with extra fuel, e.g. MiG-21MT)

Nationality Prefixes used by Russian Aircraft Bureaus

English Letter

Russian Letter

Russian

English

I


Indeeyskiy

Indian
(as in Su-30MKI)

K


Kitaiskiy

Chinese
(as in Su-30MKK)

M


Malayzeeyskiy

Malaysian
(as in Su-30MKM)

V


V'yetnahmskiy

Vietnamese
(as in Su-30MK2V)

F


Filippin

Philippine
(as in MiG-29MF)

Un-Common Prefixes used by Soviet/Russian Aircraft Bureaus

English Letter

Russian Letter

Russian

English

D


dahl'nomer

Rangefinder
(used for simplified range-only radar equipped MiG-21D)

I


Imitahtor

Simulator
(Used for MiG-21I used to train Tu-144 Pilots)

I


izmenyayemaya strelovidnost

Variable Sweep
(as in VG Wings)

Zh


zhidkosnyy reaktivnyy dvigatel'

Liquid Fuel Rocket Motor
(One Shot MiG-21Zh)

V


Vodorod

Hydrogen
(as in Tu-160V)

G


Gak

Hook
(Tailhook Equipped)

E


Eksperimentahl'nyy

Experimental
(as in MiG-29E)





D


dozaprahvka

[inflight] refuelling.

PL


protivolodochnyy

ASW
(Ka-25PL)

PS


poiskovo-spasahtel'nyy

SAR
(Ka-25PS)

T


tseleookazahtel

OTH Targeting
(Ka-25T)

RLD


rahdiolokatsionnyy dozor

Radar Picket
(Ka-252RLD)

Other Weapons Prefixes

English Letter

Russian Letter

Russian

English

A

A

aerodinamicheskiy maket

Aerodynamic Mock-Up
(as in R-3A)

bis

--

--

Improved (as in MiG-21bis)

BM


bol'shaya modernizatsiya

Major Upgrade

BZhRK



Rail Mobile
(ICBM)

D

Д

Dalny

Extended/Long Range

D


dorabotannyy

Modified
(as in MiG-25PD)

D


doza-pravka

Refuelling
(capable of IFR; Su-27PD)

DP


distantsionno piloteeruyemyy

Remotely Piloted Vehicle
(MiG-21DP UAV)

DZ


dozaprahvka

Refuelling
(As in MiG-25PDZ)

E


eksperimentahl'noye

Experimental

E


eksportnyy

Export
(as in MiG-31E)

E


energovo'oroozhonnaya

High Powered
(as in R-73E Long Range AAM)

F


forsazh

Afterburning
(Yak-36-70F)

F

Ф

Forsirovanny

Enhanced/Boosted

K


Kolyosnyi

Wheeled

K


Korabelnogo bazirovaniya

Deck Based (as in Carrier A/C; MiG-29K)

K


Krylevoy

Wing Mounting (as in UBK)

K


Krupnokaliberny

Fitted with Large Gun

K

К

Kompleks

Complex
(As in Weapons System)

K

К

Kolyosnyi

Wheeled

K

К

Krupnokaliberny

Fitted with Large Gun
(as in Yak-9K)

KPP


korabel'nyy posta-novshchikpomekh

Shipboard ECM Aircraft
(as in Su-27KPP)

KRT


korabel'nyy razvedchik-tseleookazahtel'

Shipboard reconnaissance/target designator aircraft

KTZ


korabel'nyy toplivozaprahvshchik

Shipboard IFR Tanker
(as in Su-27KTZ)

L

Л

oopravleniye po luchoo rahdiolokahtora

Radar Beam Guidance

LL


letayushchaya laboratoriya

Flying Laboratory
(Used for all kinds of test and research aircraft, such as MiG-31LL)

M


morskoy

Maritime/Naval
(as in Mi-6M)

M


Modifitsirovanny

Modified (as in MiG-29M)

M

M

Mishen

Target
(as in 10KhM Target Drone)

MT


mnogotselevoy

Multi-Role

N

H

Nositel

Carrier [Aircraft]
(as in Be-10N Flying Boat)

OS

O


Silo Variant (ICBMs)

P


passazheerskiy

Passenger
(as in Mi-6P)

P


pogranichnyy

Border Guard Version
(as in Mi-26P)

P


Pushechy

gunship, high calibre arned fighter

P

П

PVO-Strany

Air Defense System
(as in S-300P)

P

П

Pushechy

gunship, high calibre armed fighter

PP


postanovshchik pomekh

ECM Aircraft
(as in Mi-26PP)

PRTBV


podvizhnaya raketno-tekhnicheskaya baza vertolyotnovo

heliborne mobile missile maintenance base
(as in Mi-6PRTBV)

PS


poiskovo-spasahtel'nyy

Search and Rescue
(as in Mi-6PS)

PZh


pozharnyy

Firefighting
(as in Mi-6PZh)

R


Raketa

Missile

R


Reaktivny

Rocket/Jet

R


Razvedchik

Reconnaissance

R

P

Rahdiolokatsionnaya [golovka samonavedeniya]

Radar Seeker Head
as in

R

P

Reaktivny

Rocket/Jet

R


Rekordnyy

Record Breaking

S


Synkhronny

Synchronized (as in UBS)

S

C

Snaryad

Missile

S

C

Skorostnoy

High Speed

S


Sereeynyy

Production
(T-10S Flanker)

S


sdoov [pogra-nichnovo sloya]

Boundary Layer Control
(Blown Flaps)
(Used on MiG-21US)

S


Stroyu

Field [modified]
(e.g. MiG-25PDS; Field Modified Interceptor)

S


siroyevoy

Operational
MiG-31BS, to distinguish from new build MiG-31Bs)

SCh


Stalistyy chu-goon

Cast Iron
(as in AO-2.5SCh)

Sh


Shtoormovik

Ground Attack Craft

ShN


shtoormovaya, nizkovysotnaya

Low Level Strike Mission

ShR


razdelyayushchiyesya boyevyye chasti

Multiple Warheads

T


trahnsportnyy

Transport, Civilian
(as in Mi-26T)

T

T

Tyazhelowooruzhenny

Heavily Armed

T


Turelniy

Turret Mounting (as in UBT)

T

T


Solid Fuel (ICBMs)

T

T

Turelniy

Turret Mounting
(as in UBT)

T


Tankovyi

Anti-Tank Version

TEU



Telescopic Detonation Device

TZ


toplivozapravshchik

Tanker
(as in Mi-26TZ)

U


Uchebnyy

Training

U


Uluchshenny

Improved

U


Ukorochennyj

Shortened (as in AKS-74U)

U

У

Usovershenstvovannyi

Improved
(as in T-80U)

U

У

Unitarnyi

Unitary (as in

U

У


Universal

U

У

Upravlyaemyi

Guided (as in

U

У

Uluchshenny

Improved

U

У

oopravleniye [snaryadami]

Missile Control/Guidance

U

У

oopravlya-yemoye oroozhiye

Guided Weapons

U


oopravlyayemoye soplo

'controllable' or vectoring nozzle
(Used on Engines, AL-31FU)

UTTKh



Improved Technical-Tactical Characteristics

V

В

Voyska

Ground Forces
(as in S-300V)

V

В

Vystrel

Round (As in

V

В

vozdushnodesantii

Airborne

V

В

Vysotnaya

High Altitude
(As in K-6V)

VKP


vozdooshnyy komahndnyy poonkt

airborne command post
(as in Mi-6VKP)

VzPU


vozdooshnyy poonkt oopravleniya

Airborne Control Post
(as in Mi-6VzPU)