U.S. Marine Corps Squadrons
World War II

(Slightly updated 25 March 2014)

References:

U.S. MARINE CORPS WORLD WAR II ORDER OF BATTLE: Ground and Air Units in the Pacific War, 1939–1945
by Gordon L. Rottman

(If you are even the slightest bit interested in how the US Marine Corps was organized during World War II; buy this book. It's a great reference.)

Note on Reliability: By rough count of the squadrons in these charts, there were at least 160 squadrons used by the USMC during WWII of all types. So if you are particularly interested in a specific squadron, use the information here as a guide to lead you to more information such as webpages or books written by squadron members, etc.

Note on Some Missing Squadrons: There are not a few squadrons, such as VMSB-333, which underwent no less than three type redesignations during the war; and some like VMSB-141, which were redesignated to a totally different number (VMSB-134) then back to VMTB-141. I frankly gave up on clearing up those squadrons' lineage.

Fighter Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated
or
Designated

Deactivated
or
Redesignated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VMF-111

“Devildogs”

07/01/41

11/26/45

F4F-3 Wildcat
F4F-4 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
F4U-1D Corsair


VMF-112

“Wolf Pack”

07/01/37

09/10/45



VMF-113

“Whistling Devils”
“Whistling Death”

07/01/43

04/30/47

F4F-3 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
F4U-1D Corsair
FM-1 Wildcat
FG-1D Corsair


VMF-114

“Death Dealers”

09/15/43

Post War

F4U-1 Corsair


VMF-115

“Joe's Jokers”

08/15/43

Post War

F4U-1 Corsair
F4U-1D Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-121


07/07/41

09/09/45

F4F-4 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
F4U-1D Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-122


02/28/42

Post War

F4F-4 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
F4U-1D Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-123

“Eight Balls”

09/07/42

09/10/45

F4F-3P Wildcat
F4F-4 Wildcat
F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-124

“Death's Head”
“Checkerboards”

09/07/42

01/31/46

F4U-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F6F-3 Hellcat


VMF-155


01/31/45

October 1945



VMF-211

“Wake Avengers”

07/01/41

Active Postwar

F2A-3 Buffalo
F4F Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair


VMF-212

“Musketeers”

03/01/42

March 1946

F4F-3 Wildcat
F4F-4 Wildcat
FM-1 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
F4U-4 Corsair


VMF-213

“Hellhawks”
“Warhawks”

07/01/42

04/24/46

F4U-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F6F-3 Hellcat
F6F-5 Hellcat
F6F-3P Hellcat


VMF-214

“Swashbucklers”
“Black Sheep”

07/01/42

Active Postwar

FG-1 Corsair

Pappy Boyington's Squadron. Popularized post-war in TV Show.

VMF-216

“Bulldogs”

01/01/42

03/10/45

F4F-4 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
F6F-3 Hellcat
F6F-5 Hellcat


VMF-217

“Max's Wild Hares”

09/15/42

03/10/46

F4U-1 Corsair
F6F-5E Hellcat


VMF-218

“Hellions”

09/15/43

12/31/49

F4U-1D Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-221

“Fighting Falcons”

07/11/41

09/10/45

F2A-3 Buffalo
F4F-3 Wildcat
F4F-4 Wildcat
F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F4U-1 Corsair


VMF-222

“Flying Duces”

03/01/42

March 1946

F2A-2 Buffalo
F2A-3 Buffalo
F4F-3 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
F4U-4 Corsair


VMF-223

“Rainbow”

05/01/42

Active Postwar

F2A-3 Buffalo
F4F-3 Wildcat
F4F-4 Wildcat
FM-1 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
F4U-4 Corsair


VMF-224

“Fighting Wild Cats”

05/01/42

Active Postwar

F2A-3 Buffalo
F4F Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-225


01/01/43

Active Postwar

F4F-3 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair


VMF-251

“Lucifer's Messengers”

01/03/45

06/01/45



VMF-311

“Hell's Belles”

12/01/42

Active Postwar

F4U-1 Corsair


VMF-312

“Days' Knights”
“Checkerboard”

06/01/43

Active Postwar

F4U-1D Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-313

“Lily Packin' Hellbirds”

10/01/43

06/01/45

F4U-1 Corsair


VMF-314

“Bob's Cats”

10/01/43

04/03/47

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-321

“Hell's Angels”

02/01/43

01/28/46

F4U-1 Corsair
F6F-3 Hellcat
F6F-5 Hellcat


VMF-322

“Fighting Cocks”

07/01/43

11/30/49

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-323

“Death Rattlers”

08/01/43

Active Postwar

F4U-1 Corsair


VMF-324


10/01/43

10/15/45

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-351


February 1945

11/09/45



VMF-422

“Flying Buccaneers”

01/01/43

04/30/47

FM-1 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-441

“Black Jacks”

10/01/42

07/11/46

F4F-4 Wildcat
F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-451

“Blue Devils”

02/15/44

09/10/45

F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-452

“Sky Raiders”

02/15/45

12/31/49

FG-1 Corsair


VMF-461


03/15/44

02/28/50

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair

Designated RTU on 16 November 1944.

VMF-462


09/15/44

09/10/45

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair

Replacement Training Unit

VMF-471


05/15/44

09/10/45

FG-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair

Created from start as RTU.

VMF-472 (1st)


06/01/44

10/10/44



VMF-472 (2d)

“Flying Seahorses”

03/01/45

12/24/45

F6F-3 Hellcat
F6F-5 Hellcat


VMF-481 (1st)


04/05/44

10/10/44

F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F4U-1 Corsair
SBD-5 Dauntless

Fighter Pilot Training Unit

VMF-481 (2d)


08/01/45

09/10/45

F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F4U-1 Corsair
SBD-5 Dauntless

Carrier Training Unit

VMF-482


04/07/44

10/10/44

F3A-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F4U-1 Corsair
SBD-5 Dauntless

Created from start as RTU.

VMF-511


01/01/44

03/10/46

F6F-5 Hellcat
F4U-1 Corsair


VMF-512


02/15/44

03/10/46

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair


VMF-513


08/15/44

Active Post War

F3A-1 Corsair
F4U-1 Corsair

Re-designated VMF(N)-513 postwar.

VMF-514

“Whistling Death”

02/20/44

12/09/45

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F6F-3 Hellcat
F6F-5 Hellcat


VMF-521


04/01/44

09/10/45

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair

Designated RTU on 16 October 1944.

VMF-522


04/01/44

09/10/45

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair

Designated RTU on 16 October 1944.

VMF-523


05/05/44

10/15/45

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair

Designated RTU on 16 October 1944.

VMF-524


05/10/44

10/15/45

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair

Designated RTU on 16 October 1944.

VMF-911

“Devil Cats”

06/25/44

See Note

FG-1 Corsair
F4U-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair
F7F-1 Tigercat

Designated RTU on 16 October 1944.

Re-designated VMF-212 Postwar.

VMF-912


07/10/44

See Note

FG-1 Corsair
F4U-1 Corsair
F7F-1 Tigercat
F7F-3 Tigercat

Designated RTU on 16 October 1944.

Re-designated VMF-222 Postwar.

VMF-913


07/15/44

January 1946

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair

Designated RTU on 16 October 1944.

VMF-914


08/14/44

01/31/46

F4U-1 Corsair
FG-1 Corsair
F3A-1 Corsair

Designated RTU on 16 October 1944.

VMF-921


08/21/44

10/10/44



VMF-922


08/21/44

10/10/44



VMF-923


09/15/44

10/10/44



VMF-924


04/10/44

10/10/44



Night Fighter Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated
or
Designated

Deactivated
or
Redesignated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VMF(N)-531 (1st)

“Gray Ghosts”

11/16/42

09/03/44

SB2A-4 Buccaneer
PV-1N Ventura
F7F-2N Tigercat
F7F-3N Tigercat


VMF(N)-531 (2d)

“Gray Ghosts”

10/09/44

Active Postwar

SB2A-4 Buccaneer
PV-1N Ventura
F7F-2N Tigercat
F7F-3N Tigercat


VMF(N)-532

“Night Fighters”

04/01/43

05/31/47

F6F-3N Hellcat
F7F-2N Tigercat


VMF(N)-533

“Black Mac's Killers”

10/01/43

Active Postwar

F6F-3N Hellcat
F6F-5N Hellcat
F7F-3N Tigercat


VMF(N)-534


10/01/43

05/31/47

F6F-3N Hellcat


VMF(N)-541

“Bat Eyes”

02/15/44

04/30/46

F6F-3N Hellcat
F6F-5N Hellcat


VMF(N)-542


03/06/44

Active Post War

F6F-3N Hellcat
F6F-5N Hellcat


VMF(N)-543

“Night Hawks”

04/15/44

04/11/46

F6F-3N Hellcat
F6F-5N Hellcat


VMF(N)-544


05/01/44

04/20/46

F6F-3N Hellcat
F6F-5N Hellcat


Bombing Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated
or
Designated

Deactivated
or
Redesignated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VMB-413

“Flying Nightmares”
“Night Hecklers”
“Shamrocks

03/01/43

11/30/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell

First USMC Medium Bomber Unit.

VMB-423

“Seahorses”

09/15/43

11/30/45

PBJ-1D Mitchell
PBJ-1J Mitchell


VMB-433


09/15/43

11/30/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell


VMB-443


09/15/43

11/30/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell


VMB-453 (1st)


06/25/44

02/20/45



VMB-453 (2nd)


06/01/45

03/20/46



VMB-463


07/20/44

02/28/45



VMB-473


07/25/44

03/15/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell


VMB-483


08/26/44

03/15/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell


VMB-611


10/01/43

11/30/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell


VMB-612

“Cram's Rams”

10/01/43

03/15/46

PBJ-1 Mitchell

First USMC unit to use Tiny Tim Rockets, 21 July 1945.

VMB-613


10/01/43

10/21/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell
TBM-3 Avenger


VMB-614

“Ruptured Ducks”

10/01/43

12/28/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell


VMB-621


04/10/44

01/31/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell

Redesignated VMTB on 31 January 1945.

VMB-622


05/10/44

01/31/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell

Redesignated VMTB-622 on 31 January 1945.

VMB-623


05/15/44

02/10/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell

Redesignated VMTB-623 on 10 February 1945.

VMB-624


06/20/44

02/10/45

PBJ-1 Mitchell

Redesignated VMTB-624 on 10 February 1945.

Torpedo Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated
or
Designated

Deactivated
or
Redesignated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VMTB-131


06/01/43

11/16/45

TBF-1 Avenger
TBM-1C Avenger


VMTB-132

“Crying Red Asses”

10/14/44

11/09/45

TBM-3E Avenger


VMTB-134

“Rockettes”

06/01/43

04/30/46

TBF-1 Avenger
TBF-1C Avenger
TBM-1C Avenger
TBM-3E Avenger

First USMC unit to use 5” Rockets.

VMTB-143

“Rocket Raiders”


03/10/46

TBF-1 Avenger
TBM-3 Avenger


VMTB-144

Hensagliska”

10/14/44

12/09/45

TBM-3E Avenger


VMTB-151


06/30/45

03/20/46



VMTB-232

“Red Devils”

06/01/43

11/16/45

TBF-1 Avenger
TBM-3E Avenger


VMTB-233

“Rainbow”
“Bulldogs”
“Flying Deadheads”

06/13/43

03/10/46



VMTB-234


10/14/44

03/20/46

TBM-3E Avenger


VMTB-242


09/15/43

11/23/45

TBM-3E Avenger


VMTB-332


03/01/45

11/13/45

TBF-1 Avenger
TBM-3 Avenger


VMTB-454


10/14/44

01/28/46

TBM-3 Avenger


VMTB-464


05/31/45

03/10/46



VMTB-473


08/01/45

03/20/46

TBM-3 Avenger

Aircraft Carrier Training Unit.

VMTB-621


01/31/45

03/10/45



VMTB-622


01/31/45

01/31/46

TBM-3E Avenger


VMTB-623


02/10/45

03/20/46

TBM-1C Avenger
TBM-3E Avenger


VMTB-624


02/10/45

03/10/46

TBF-1C Avenger
TBM-1 Avenger
TBM-3E Avenger


VMTB-943


11/20/44

01/31/46

TBF-1 Avenger
TBM-1 Avenger
TBM-3 Avenger

Replacement Training Unit.

Scout-Bombing Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated
or
Designated

Deactivated
or
Redesignated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VMSB-131


07/01/41

06/01/43

SB2U-3

Redesignated VMTB-131 on 1 June 1943.

VMSB-132


07/01/41

10/14/44

SBD-1 Dauntless
SBD-3 Dauntless
SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless

Redesignated VMTB-132 on 14 October 1944.

VMSB-132






VMSB-133

“Flying Eggbeaters”

05/01/43

08/01/45

SBD-5 Dauntless
SBD-6 Dauntless


VMSB-134


06/01/43

06/01/43

SBD-3 Dauntless

Redesignated VMTB-134 on 1 June 1943.

VMSB-142

“Wild Hares”
“Wild Horses”

03/01/42

09/21/45

SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless
SBD-6 Dauntless


VMSB-143

“Devildog Avengers”

09/07/42



Redesignated VMTB-143

VMSB-144


09/07/42

10/14/44

SBD-3 Dauntless
SBD-4 Dauntless
SB2C-1A Helldiver
SBD-6 Dauntless

Redesignated VMTB-144 on 14 October 1944.

VMSB-151


09/15/42

06/30/45


Redesignated VMTB-151 on 30 June 1945.

VMSB-232


07/01/41

06/01/43

SBD-3 Dauntless
SBD-4 Dauntless

Redesignated VMTB-232 on 1 June 1943.

VMSB-233

“Rainbow”
“Bulldogs”
“Flying Deadheads”

05/01/42

06/13/43


Redesignated VMTB-233 on 13 June 1943

VMSB-234


05/01/42

10/14/44

SBD-1 Dauntless
SBD-3P Dauntless
SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless

Redesignated VMTB-234 on 14 October 1944.

VMSB-235


01/01/43

11/10/44

SBD-5 Dauntless


VMSB-236

“Black Panthers”

01/01/43

08/01/45

SBD-3 Dauntless
SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless
SBD-6 Dauntless


VMSB-241

“Sons of Satan”

03/01/42

07/16/45

SBD-2 Dauntless
SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless
SBD-6 Dauntless
SB2U-3


VMSB-243

“Flying Goldbricks”

06/01/42

09/21/45

SBC-4
SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless
SBD-6 Dauntless


VMSB-244

“Flying Circus”
“Bombing Banshees”

09/14/42

06/10/46



VMSB-245

“Red Mousie”

09/15/43

11/17/45

SBD-3 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless


VMSB-332


08/01/43

03/01/45

SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless

Redesignated VMTB-332 on 1 March 1945.

VMSB-334


08/01/43

10/10/44

SBD-5 Dauntless


VMSB-341

“Torpid Turtles”

02/01/43

09/13/44

SBD-4 Dauntless


VMSB-342

“Bats from Hell”

07/01/43

10/10/44

SBD-5 Dauntless


VMSB-343

“Gregory's Gorillas”
“Flying Goldbricks”

08/01/43

06/10/46

SBD-5 Dauntless
SB2C-3 Helldiver


VMSB-344


01/01/44

10/10/44

SB2C-1 Helldiver


VMSB-454

“Helldivers”

03/01/44

10/14/44

SB2C-1 Helldiver

Redesignated VMTB-454 on 14 October 1944.

VMSB-464

“Spanish Flies”

11/15/44

05/31/45

SB2C-1 Helldiver

Started as Training unit, designated RTU on 16 October 1944. Redesignated VMTB-464 on 31 May 1945.

VMSB-474


04/10/44

09/10/45

SB2C-1 Helldiver
SB2C-4 Helldiver
SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless
SBD-6 Dauntless

Scout Bomber RTU.

VMSB-484


04/10/44

09/10/45

SBD Dauntless

Scout Bomber RTU.

VMSB-933


06/20/44

09/10/45

SB2C-4 Helldiver


VMSB-934


07/25/44

10/15/45

SB2C-4 Helldiver


VMSB-941


07/15/44

10/10/44

SB2C-4 Helldiver


VMSB-942


08/24/44

10/10/44

SB2C-4 Helldiver


VMSB-943


07/01/44

11/20/44

SB2C-4 Helldiver

Redesignated VMTB-943 on 20 November 1944.

VMSB-944


04/10/44

10/10/44

SBD-3 Dauntless
SBD-4 Dauntless
SBD-5 Dauntless


Observation Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated

Deactivated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VMO-1


07/07/41

07/01/41


Redesignated VMO-151 on 1 July 1941.

VMO-151


07/01/41

09/15/42


Redesignated VMSB-151 on 15 September 1942.

VMO-155


07/01/42

01/31/45


Redesignated VMF-155 on 31 January 1945.

VMO-251


12/01/41

01/03/45


Was redesignated VMF-251 on 3 January 1945.

VMO-351


03/01/43

February 1945


Redesignated VMF-351 in February 1945.

VMO-951


09/20/44

10/10/44

F6F-3P Hellcat


Photo/Reconnaissance Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated

Deactivated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VMD-354


07/01/43

12/08/49

R4D Dakota

Redesignated VMP-354 on 15 November 1946.

VMD-954


09/25/44

03/28/45


Begun as Replacement Training Unit.

Redesignated VMD-254 on 28 March 1945.

VMD-254


03/28/45

11/30/49


Redesignated VMP-254 in November 1946.

Transport Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated

Deactivated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VMJ-2


07/01/37

06/13/41

R3D-2 (DC-5)
R4D Dakota
R5C-1 Commando

Redesignated VMJ-252 on 13 June 1941.

VMJ-152


07/07/41

Active Postwar

R3D (DC-5)
R4D Dakota

Redesignated VMR-152 on 3 June 1944.

VMJ-153


03/01/42

Active Postwar

R4D Dakota

Redesignated VMR-143 on 3 June 1944.

VMJ-252


06/13/41

06/03/44

R3D-2 (DC-5)
R4D Dakota
R5C-1 Commando

Redesignated VMR-252 on 3 June 1944.

VMJ-253


03/01/42

May 1947

R3D (DC-5)
R4D Dakota
R5C-1 Commando

Redesignated VMR-253 on 20 July 1944.

VMJ-352


04/01/43

Active Postwar

R4D Dakota
R5C-1 Commando

Redesignated VMR-352 on 10 June 1944.

VMJ-353


03/15/43

02/15/46

R4D Dakota
R5C-1 Commando

Redesignated VMR-353 on 15 July 1944.

VMJ-952


06/15/43

05/31/47

R4D Dakota
R5C-1 Commando

Redesignated VMR-952 on 4 July 1944.

VMJ-953

“Puss-in-Boots”

02/01/44

05/31/47

R4D Dakota
R5C-1 Commando

Redesignated VMR-953 on 17 July 1944.

VMR-252


06/03/44

Active Post-War

R3D-2 (DC-5)
R4D Dakota
R5C-1 Commando


Miscellaneous Squadrons

Designation

Nickname(s)

Activated

Deactivated

Types of Aircraft Flown

Notes

VML-711


05/01/42

05/24/43


Developed USMC Glider Program.