U.S. Chemical Agent Production
World War II (1940-45)

(Updated 8 February 2013)

Reference:

The United States Army in World War II, Statistics, Procurement; 9 April 1952 (9.5 MB PDF)

Specifically

Table PR-4 — Quantities of major items procured by Chemical Warfare Service, by year of delivery: 1 January 1940 - 31 December 1945

which was “compiled from "Chemical Warfare Service Report of Production, 1 January 1940 through 31 December 1945," prepared by Supply and Procurement Division, Office, Chief Chemical Warfare Service. Data represent items accepted after inspections shown in Chemical Warfare Service Inspection Division reports to procurement districts and production arsenals. Unit of measure is each unless otherwise indicated. See also explanatory notes at end of Procurement section.”

Chemical agents (thousands of pounds)

(INCLUDES QUANTITIES USED IN FILLING BOTH CHEMICAL WARFARE AND ORDNANCE AMMUNITION AND BOMBS.)

Item name or description

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

Total
1940-1945

CG (phosgene)

0

2,412

7,186

1,698

27,447

1,671

40,414

CL (chlorine)

0

12

23,140

111,951

144,181

90,036

369,320

CNB (tear gas solution, weak)

106

660

1,871

1,494

1,151

0

5,282

CNS (tear gas solution, strong)

0

132

2,970

50

157

0

3,309

FM (smoke, titanium tetrachloride)

0

176

12

1,746

1,288

1,005

4,227

FS (smoke, sulfur trioxide solution)

362

820

14,042

15,370

17,329

0

47,923

H (mustard)

1,525

8,183

87,062

77,840

0

0

174,610

HC (smoke mixture, hexachlorethane)

0

0

0

9,425

7,897

0

17,322

L (Lewisite)

0

0

1,344

38,779

0

0

40,123

WP (smoke and incendiary, white phosphorous)

50

4,419

31,497

61,909

63,008

0

160,883

Chemical agents (metric tons)

(CONVERTED FROM ‘THOUSANDS OF POUNDS’ TABLE)
(INCLUDES QUANTITIES USED IN FILLING BOTH CHEMICAL WARFARE AND ORDNANCE AMMUNITION AND BOMBS.)

Item name or description

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

Total
1940-1945

CG (phosgene)

0.0

1,094.1

3,259.5

770.2

12,449.8

758.0

18,331.5

CL (chlorine)

0.0

5.4

10,496.1

50,780.1

65,399.4

40,839.6

167,520.7

CNB (tear gas solution, weak)

48.1

299.4

848.7

677.7

522.1

0.0

2,395.9

CNS (tear gas solution, strong)

0.0

59.9

1,347.2

22.7

71.2

0.0

1,500.9

FM (smoke, titanium tetrachloride)

0.0

79.8

5.4

792.0

584.2

455.9

1,917.3

FS (smoke, sulfur trioxide solution)

164.2

372.0

6,369.3

6,971.7

7,860.3

0.0

21,737.5

H (mustard)

691.7

3,711.8

39,490.7

35,307.6

0.0

0.0

79,201.8

HC (smoke mixture, hexachlorethane)

0.0

0.0

0.0

4,275.1

3,582.0

0.0

7,857.1

L (Lewisite)

0.0

0.0

609.6

17,589.9

0.0

0.0

18,199.5

WP (smoke and incendiary, white phosphorous)

22.7

2,004.4

14,286.8

28,081.5

28,580.0

0.0

72,975.3

Chemical agents (short tons)

(CONVERTED FROM ‘THOUSANDS OF POUNDS’ TABLE)
(INCLUDES QUANTITIES USED IN FILLING BOTH CHEMICAL WARFARE AND ORDNANCE AMMUNITION AND BOMBS.)

Item name or description

1940

1941

1942

1943

1944

1945

Total
1940-1945

CG (phosgene)

0.0

1,206.0

3,593.0

849.0

13,723.5

835.5

20,207.0

CL (chlorine)

0.0

6.0

11,570.0

55,975.5

72,090.5

45,018.0

184,660.0

CNB (tear gas solution, weak)

53.0

330.0

935.5

747.0

575.5

0.0

2,641.0

CNS (tear gas solution, strong)

0

66.0

1,485.0

25.0

78.5

0.0

1,654.5

FM (smoke, titanium tetrachloride)

0.0

88.0

6.0

873.0

644.0

502.5

2,113.5

FS (smoke, sulfur trioxide solution)

181.0

410.0

7,021.0

7,685.0

8,664.5

0.0

23,961.5

H (mustard)

762.5

4,091.5

43,531.0

38,920.0

0.0

0.0

87,305.0

HC (smoke mixture, hexachlorethane)

0.0

0.0

0.0

4,712.5

3,948.5

0.0

8,661.0

L (Lewisite)

0.0

0.0

672.0

19,389.5

0.0

0.0

20,061.5

WP (smoke and incendiary, white phosphorous)

25.0

2,209.5

15,748.5

30,954.5

31,504.0

0.0

80,441.5