U.S. World War II Draft Statistics

References:

Statistical Review: World War II, Army Service Forces

During the mobilization period before and during World War II, roughly some 21 million physical examinations were conducted for inductions of enlisted men.

In Calendar Year 1943, the statistics broke down as:

5,191,400 draftees examined
3,307,600 were declared fit for military service by the Army or Navy (63.71%)
1,883,800 were rejected for military service by the Army or Navy (36.29%)

Causes for rejection were:

NUMBER REJECTED PER 1000 EXAMINED, BY CAUSE OF REJECTION SELECTEES AT INDUCTION STATIONS 1943

Cause

Total

White

Black

TOTAL

362.9

330.0

532.2

ADMINISTRATIVE
    Quota Limitations
    Unskilled Illiterates
    Criminals
    Prior Dishonorably Discharged
    Morally Undesirable

17.4

17.5

16.8

MENTAL

141.7

110.1

304.5

PHYSICAL

203.8

202.4

210.9

    Cardiovascular

29.6

27.3

41.6

    Musculoskeletal

29.4

29.9

26.3

    Ear, Nose, Throat

21

24

5.8

    Eyes

19.5

19.8

18.3

    Hernia

14.6

14.8

13.2

    Neurological

13.4

12.2

19.4

    Pulmonary Tuberculosis

11.5

11.5

11.3

    Genitourinary

10.7

10.7

11

    Feet

9.7

8

18

    Respiratory (except TB)

9.3

9.4

8.9

    Gastrointestinal

6.6

7.3

3.3

    Venereal Disease

5.2

3

17

    Teeth

1.1

1.2

0.9

    All Other

22.2

23.3

15.9