Soviet/Russian Medium Tanks
(T-34/T-43/T-44)

(Updated 2 May 2011)

References:

Jane's
Tank-Net Discussion Forums
AviaArmor.Net (Link to main directory)

Note: Object is Объект in Russian if you want to Google the net for more designs. Be sure to have the latest internet explorer, a decent antivirus program, firewall, and god knows what else; since the Russian corner of the internet is full of viruses, et al.

T-34 Family

(A-44 / A-44)

Developer: KB-24

A-20

(T-34 Model 1941 / Т-34 обр.1941 г.)

Combat Weight: 26,000 kg
Crew: 4 men
Length: 5,920mm (with gun)
Width:
3,000mm
Height:
2,400 mm
Main Gun: 76.2mm Gun L-11 (Л-11) (77 rounds)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DT (2,898 rounds of 7.62mm)
Hull MG: 7.62mm DT

(T-34 Model 1943 / Т-34 обр.1943 г.)

Combat Weight: 25,600 kg
Crew: 4 men
Length: 5,964 (with gun); 5,920 (without gun)
Width:
3,000mm
Height:
2,405 mm
Clearance: 400mm
Main Gun: 76.2mm Gun F-34 (Ф-34) (77 rounds)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DT (2,898 rounds of 7.62mm)
Hull MG: 7.62mm DT
Engine: V-12 Diesel (В-2-34), 500 hp at 1,800 RPM
Highway Speed: 54 km/h
Highway Radius: 290-300 kilometers
Cross-Country Speed: 25 km/h

(T-34M / Т-34М)
aka
(A-43 / A-43)

Combat Weight: 26,000 kg
Crew: 4 men
Main Gun: 76.2mm Gun F-34 (Ф-34)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DT
Hull MG: 7.62mm DT

T-34-57

Combat Weight: 26,000 kg
Crew: 4 men
Length: 5,920mm (with gun)
Width:
3,000mm
Height:
2,400 mm
Main Gun: 57mm Gun ZIS-4 (ЗИС-4) or 57mm Gun ZIS-4M (ЗИС-4М)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DT
Hull MG: 7.62mm DT

Object 135 (T-34-85 obr. 1943)

Acceptance: 15 December 1943

(T-34-85 Model 1944 / Т-34-85 обр.1944 г.)

Combat Weight: 32,500 kg
Crew: 5 men
Length: 8,100 (with gun); 6,100 (without gun)
Width:
3,000mm
Height:
2,700 mm
Clearance: 400mm
Main Gun: 85mm Gun S-53 (С-53) (56 rounds)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DT (1,953 rounds of 7.62mm)
Hull MG: 7.62mm DT
Engine: V-12 Diesel (В-2-34), 500 hp at 1,800 RPM
Highway Speed: 52 km/h
Highway Radius: 290-300 kilometers
Cross-Country Speed: 25 km/h

(T-34-85 Model 1960 / Т-34-85 обр.1960 г.)

Notes: Modernization of existing T-34-85s in 1960 to have DTM machine guns, better sights and replacing SMGs with AK-47s.

(T-34-100)

Weight: 33 tons
Main Gun: 100mm Gun ZIS-100

T-34-122 Model 1943 / Т-34-122 обр.1943 г.)
aka
(T-34G / Т-34Г – Гаубичный / Howitzer)
aka
(T-34SH / Т-34Ш – Assault / Штурмовой)

Combat Weight: 30,000 kg
Crew: 4 or 5 men
Length: 6,000mm (with gun)
Width:
3,000mm
Height:
3,200~ mm
Clearance:
400mm
Main Gun: 121.9mm Howitzer (У-11)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DT
Hull MG: 7.62mm DT
Engine: V-12 Diesel (В-2-34), 500 hp at 1,800 RPM

T-43 Family

(T-43 Model 1942 / Т-43 обр.1942 г.)

Developer: KB Plant № 183
Combat Weight: 33,200 kg
Crew: 4 men
Length: 6,900mm (with gun)
Width:
3,250mm
Height:
2,640 mm
Clearance:
450mm
Main Gun: 76.2mm Gun F-34M (Ф-34М) (85 rounds)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DT (2,772 rounds of 7.62mm)
Engine: V-12 Diesel (В-2-34), 500 hp at 1,800 RPM
Highway Speed: 51 km/h
Highway Radius: 280 kilometers

T-44 Family (Obj 136?)

(T-44-85 Prototype)

Developer: KB Plant № 183
Combat Weight: 30,400 kg
Crew: 4 men
Length: UNK
Width:
3,100mm
Height:
2,470 mm
Clearance:
355 to 480mm
Main Gun: 85mm Gun (Д-5Т) (54 rounds)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DT (2,772 rounds of 7.62mm)
AAMG: 7.62mm DT
Engine: V-12 Diesel (В-2-ИС), 500 hp
Highway Speed: 52.6 km/h
Highway Radius: 210 kilometers

(T-44-85 Serial Production)

Developer: KB Plant № 183
Combat Weight: 31,800 kg
Crew: 4 men
Length: 7,650mm (with gun)
Width:
3,180mm
Height:
2,412 mm
Clearance:
430mm
Main Gun: 85mm Gun S-53 (С-53) (58 rounds)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DTM (1,890 rounds of 7.62mm)
AAMG: 12.7mm DShK (200 rounds of 12.7mm)
Engine: V-12 Diesel (В-44), 500 hp at 1,700 RPM
Highway Speed: 50 km/h
Highway Radius: 235 kilometers

(T-44A / Т-44А)

(T-44B / Т-44Б)

(T-44-100 Model 1945)

Developer: KB Plant № 183
Combat Weight: 33,500 kg
Crew: 4 men
Length: 8,750mm (with gun)
Width:
3,200mm
Height:
2,400 mm
Clearance:
420 to 450mm
Main Gun: 100mm Gun D-10T (Д-10Т) (36 rounds)
Coaxial MG: 7.62mm DTM (2,000 rounds of 7.62mm)
AAMG: 7.62mm DTM
Engine: V-12 Diesel (В-2-34), 520 hp at 1,700 RPM
Highway Speed: 52 km/h
Highway Radius: 380 kilometers

(T-44M / Т-44М)

Year: 1961
Notes: Modernization of T-44A.

(T-44MK / T-44МК)

Year: 1963
Notes: Modification of T-44M into command tanks via removing ammunition and installing additional radios. (-15 Main Gun Ammo and -441 rounds of MG ammo).

(T-44S / Т-44С)

Year: 1966
Notes: Modernization of T-44 to have a two plane stabilizer.

Object 416

Year: 1951
Gun: 100mm Rifled Gun D-54AT
Coaxial:
7.62mm
Weight: 24 tons
Length: 7,940 mm
Width: 3,240 mm
Height: 1,823 mm
Crew: 4
Engine: 400 hp
Notes: All the crew were positioned in the turret, and the power plant and transmission was in the front of the hull. Difficulties in steering the vehicle and firing at the same time caused development work to be dropped.
(Top View of Object 416)
(Side View of Object 416)
(Rear Top View of Object 416)
(Frontal View of Object 416)
(Object 416 Comparison with Conventional Tank)