French Ballistic Missiles

References Consulted:
Janes' Strategic Weapons Systems 48 (2008)

M-1

Type: Submarine Launched IRBM
Start of Service: 1971
End of Service: 1974

M-2

Type: Submarine Launched IRBM
Start of Service: 1974
End of Service: 1977

M-20

Type: Submarine Launched IRBM
Start of Service:
1977
End of Service: 1991
Quantity Built: 100

Missile Length: 10.7m
Missile Diameter: 1.5m
Missile Weight: 20,000 kg

Second Stage: 6,015 kg of propellant; P-6 motor which burned for 58 seconds.
First Stage:
10,000 kg of propellant; burned for 55 seconds.

Warhead: TN-60 (1.2 Megatons)
Range
: 2,500 km
CEP: 1,000 meters

Pluton

Type: Road-Mobile SRBM
Start of Service:
1974
End of Service: 1993

Missile Length: 7.64m
Missile Diameter: 0.65m
Missile Weight: 2,423 kg

Warhead: High Explosive/15 kt/25 kt Options
Range
: 120 km
CEP: 150 meters

Notes: Real-time targeting information could be passed on to the command vehicle from a CT-20 drone.

S-2

Type: Silo based IRBM
Start of Service: 1971

First Stage: 16,940 kg weight; P-16 motor which burned for 72 seconds.

S-3

Type: Silo based IRBM
Start of Service: May 1980
End of Service: September 1996
Quantity Built: 40, plus 13 test missiles.

Missile Length: 13.8m
Missile Diameter: 1.5m
Missile Weight: 25,800 kg

Second Stage: 6,015 kg of propellant; P-6 motor which burned for 58 seconds.
First Stage:
16,940 kg weight; P-16 motor which burned for 72 seconds.

Warhead: TN-61 (1.2 megatons)
Range
: 3,500 km

Notes: Used the same first stage as the S-2; with a new second stage, which was originally developed for the M-20. Total deployment was two groups of nine silos.

M-4

Type: Sub-Launched IRBM
Start of Service: 1985
End of Service: 2004
Quantity Built:

Missile Length: 11.05m
Missile Diameter: 1.93m
Missile Weight: 35,000 kg

Third Stage: 1,500 kg of propellant which burns for 43 seconds.
Second Stage:
8,015 kg of propellant which burns for 71 seconds.
First Stage:
20,000 kg of propellant which burns for 62 seconds.

Warheads (Early): 6 x TN-70
Warheads (Later):
6 x TN-71 (150 kt), of which the warhead is 120 kg out of a total RV mass of 240 kg.
Range
: 4,000 km
CEP: 500 meters

Notes: Thought to have two versions, the M-4A and M-4B; with the M-4B having a 5,000 km range.

M-45

Type: Sub-Launched IRBM
Start of Service: 1997
End of Service:
Quantity Built:

Missile Length: 11.05m
Missile Diameter: 1.93m
Missile Weight: 35,000 kg

Third Stage: 1,500 kg weight, thrust of 7,000 kgf.
Second Stage:
8,000 kg weight, thrust of 30,000 kgf.
First Stage:
20,000 kg weight, thrust of 70,000 kgf..

Warheads: 6 x TN-75 (100 kt), of which the warhead is 115 kg out of a total RV mass of 230 kg.
Minimum Range:
1,500 km
Maximum Range
: 5,300 km
CEP: 350 meters