U.S. Navy Guided Missile Launcher Systems

(Updated 15 February 2012)

Mk 4 Terrier GMLS

Weights: 279,291 lbs
Capacity: 144 Missiles (stowed without fins)
Rate of Fire: 4 RPM (11 seconds needed per missile for finning)
Crew: 30 men
Used on: Boston & Canberra conversions
Notes: First operational Terrier system on warships.

Mk 7 Talos GMLS

Weights: 403,901 lbs (with missiles)
Capacity: 46 Missiles (16 Ready Rounds, 30 stowed)
Rate of Fire: 57 seconds to fire for first salvo, 46 for all subsequent salvoes.
Crew: 30 men (12 needed to fin the missiles)
Used on: Cleveland
Notes: “Austere” version with all components above weather deck.

Mk 8 Terrier GMLS

Weights: 88,905 lbs (total)
Capacity: 14 Missiles (all in two 7 round ready rings)
Rate of Fire: 2 RPM
Crew: 16 men
Used on: DDG-1 Gyatt

Mk 9 Terrier GMLS

Weights: 510,040 lbs (total)
Capacity: 120 Missiles
Rate of Fire: 4 RPM (claimed)
Used on: Cleveland

Mk 10 Mod 1 Terrier GMLS

Weights: 275,875 lbs empty, 400,347 lbs loaded (missiles+fluids)
Capacity: 1 x 20 round ring (20 missiles)
Rate of Fire: 4 RPM (one missile every 30 seconds per rail)
Crew: 16 men
Used on:

Mk 10 Mod 2 Terrier GMLS

Weights: 450,857 lbs empty, 695,329 lbs loaded (missiles+fluids)
Capacity: 4 x 20 round rings (80 missiles)
Rate of Fire: 4 RPM (one missile every 30 seconds per rail)
Crew: 16 men
Used on: Superfiring mount on USS Long Beach CGN-9.

Mk 10 Mod 7 Terrier GMLS

Weights: 361,994 lbs empty, 546,734 lbs loaded (missiles+fluids)
Magazine Dimensions: 360” diameter, 395” height
Capacity: 3 x 20 round rings (60 missiles)
Rate of Fire: 4 RPM (one missile every 30 seconds per rail)
Crew: 16 men
Used on: Italian Vittorio Veneto.
Notes: Could carry up to 20 ASROC rounds in between Terrier in the two upper rings.

Mk 11 Tartar GMLS

Weights: 148,450 lbs empty, 201,370 lbs loaded (missiles+fluids)
Magazine Dimensions: 196” diameter, 209” height
Capacity: 42 missiles
Rate of Fire: 1 salvo every 18 seconds.
Crew: 3 men

Mk 12 Talos GMLS

Weights: 800,000 lbs (unknown)
Capacity: 52 rounds
Crew: 33 men
Used on: Albany and Long Beach

Mk 13 Mod 0 Tartar GMLS

Weights: 132,777 lbs (empty)
Dimensions: 203” Diameter
Rate of Fire: 1 missile every 10 seconds
Capacity:
Crew: 3 men
Used on:

Mk 13 Mod 4 GMLS

Weights: 134,704 lbs empty
Capacity:
40 rounds (Outer Ring: 24; Inner Ring: 16)
Missiles:
SM-1(MR), SM-2(MR), and Harpoon
Missile Dimensions:
13.5” in diameter and 186.45” in length up to a weight of 1,500 lbs.
Train Rate:
88.5 degrees/second (360 degrees)
Elevation Rate:
49 degrees/second (-15 to +95 degrees)
Rate of Fire:
1 missile every 8 seconds
Crew: 1 men for tactical operation, 8 for strikedown/loading
Mount Power Requirements: up to 164 kW of 440V AC, 60 Hz, 3 Phase Power
Used on: FFG-7 Oliver Hazard Perry Class
Notes: One missile will be a Guided Missile Training Round (GMTR). The system is capable of identifying up to seven types of missiles (A through G), plus the GMTR.
(Mk 13 Mod 4 Side Cutaway – 72 kb GIF)
(Mk 13 Mod 4 Reloading – 38 kb GIF)
(Mk 13 Mod 4 Guide Arm Interior Components – 134 kb GIF)
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14909
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)
Mk 13/22 GMLS Product Brochure by United Defense (LINK to PDF)

Mk 13 Mod 7 GMLS

Used On: CGN-36 California Class
Notes: Originally built as Mk 13 Mods 0, 1, and 3, but modernized to Mod 4 level, and designated Mod 7. Essentially see Mk 13 Mod 4 for characteristics.
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14909
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)

Mk 22 Mod 0 GMLS

Weights: 92,385 lbs empty
Dimensions: 146” Magazine Diameter
Capacity: 16 missiles
Missiles: SM-1(MR)
Train Rate: 88.5 degrees/second (360 degrees)
Elevation Rate:
49 degrees/second (-15 to +95 degrees)
Rate of Fire: 7 RPM
Crew: 2 men for tactical operation, 5 for strikedown/loading
Mount Power Requirements: up to 164 kW of 440V AC, 60 Hz, 3 Phase Power
Used On: Spanish Baléares class
Resources:
Mk 13/22 GMLS Product Brochure by United Defense (LINK to PDF)

Mk 25 Basic Point Defense Missile System (BPDMS)

Weights: 31,500 lbs (unknown)
Capacity: 8 Missiles
Rate of Fire: 2 seconds per launch, all 8 in 16 seconds.
Crew: No Crew Needed

Mk 26 Mod 0 GMLS (Basic System)

Weights: 162,302 lbs empty, 193,022 lbs loaded
Capacity: 24 missiles
Missile Dimensions: 14.75” in diameter and 200” in length up to a weight of 2,200 lbs.
Rate of Fire: 2 missiles every 10 seconds.
Mount Power Requirements: up to 495 kW of 440V AC, 60 Hz, 3 Phase Power
Used on: CGN-38 Virginia
Notes: Was designed as an ASROC replacement, to replace the former systems with 8 in the pepperbox and 16 stowed.
The basic Mk 26 system was designed with modular expansion capabilities in mind – by adding 10-missile modules to the basic 12-missile Ready Service Ring (RSR), the system could be tailored to the needs of that platform.
The first eight Mk 26s built with serial numbers 1 through 8 are the Mod 0/1/2 systems.
(Mk 26 Perspective Drawing showing Basic System – 161 kb GIF)
(Mk 26 Ready Service Ring Diagram – 180 kb GIF)
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14909
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)
Mk 26 GMLS Product Brochure by United Defense (LINK to PDF)

Mk 26 Mod 1 GMLS

Weights: 208,577 lbs empty, 264,897 lbs loaded
Capacity: 44 missiles
Missile Dimensions: 14.75” in diameter and 200” in length up to a weight of 2,200 lbs.
Rate of Fire: 2 missiles every 10 seconds.
Mount Power Requirements: up to 495 kW of 440V AC, 60 Hz, 3 Phase Power
Used on: CGN-38 Virginia
Notes: The first eight Mk 26s built with serial numbers 1 through 8 are the Mod 0/1/2 systems. Has a single 10 foot extension to the RSRs.
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14909
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)
Mk 26 GMLS Product Brochure by United Defense (LINK to PDF)

Mk 26 Mod 2 GMLS

Weights: 255,111 lbs empty, 337,031 lbs loaded
Capacity: 64 missiles
Missile Dimensions: 14.75” in diameter and 200” in length up to a weight of 2,200 lbs.
Rate of Fire: 2 missiles every 10 seconds.
Mount Power Requirements: up to 495 kW of 440V AC, 60 Hz, 3 Phase Power
Used on: CGN-38 Virginia
Notes: The first eight Mk 26s built with serial numbers 1 through 8 are the Mod 0/1/2 systems. Has two 10-foot extensions to the RSRs.
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14909
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)
Mk 26 GMLS Product Brochure by United Defense (LINK to PDF)

Mk 26 Mod 3 GMLS

Capacity: 24 missiles
Used on: DDG-993 Kidd
Notes: The next ten Mk 26s built – Serial Numbers #9 through #18, had various engineering changes which reduced system cost and weight, and improved reliability. They were originally designated as Mod 0s and 1s, but due to the changes incorporated, were redesignated Mod 3 (former Mod 0) and Mod 4 (former Mod 1s).
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14909
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)

Mk 26 Mod 4 GMLS

Capacity: 44 missiles
Used on: DDG-993 Kidd
Notes: The next ten Mk 26s built – Serial Numbers #9 through #18, had various engineering changes which reduced system cost and weight, and improved reliability. They were originally designated as Mod 0s and 1s, but due to the changes incorporated, were redesignated Mod 3 (former Mod 0) and Mod 4 (former Mod 1s). Had a single 10-foot extension to RSR to increase capacity.
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14909
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)

Mk 26 Mod 5 GMLS

Capacity: 44 missiles
Used on: CG-47 Ticonderoga
Notes: Has a single 10-foot extension to RSR to increase capacity. Had various changes made to accommodate increased functionality for the AEGIS weapons system.
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14909
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)

Mk 29 Mod 4 NATO Sea Sparrow GMLS

Weights:14,060 lbs in total, broken down as:
     Mk 132 Mod 2 Launcher: (10,498 lbs empty)
     Mk 34 Mod 1 SLC: 580 lbs
     Mk 108 Mod 2 LCC: 936 lbs
     MK 8 Mod 3 MIC: 1,336 lbs
     Mk 147 Mod 0 PS: 560 lbs
     Mk 14 Mod 2 Loader: 132 lbs
     Mk 109 Mod 0 Deck Control: 18 lbs
Missiles: RIM-7 Sea Sparrow, RIM-162 ESSM
Capacity: 4 (RIM-7) or 8 (RIM-162)
Resources:
Mk 29 GMLS Product Brochure by United Defense (LINK to PDF)

Mk 32 Mod 0/1/2 GMLS

Weights: 22,420 lbs
Dimensions: 205” launcher length, 203” magazine length.
Rate of Fire: 2 RPM
Capacity: 1 ready to fire, 2 in magazine.
Crew: 1 man
Used on: Asheville PGs (Mods 0 and 1) Iranian Gearing refits – Babr and Palang (Mod 2)
Notes: Box launcher.
Resources:
The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapons Systems by Norman Friedman (2006)

Mk 41 Vertical Launch System Family

USN Mk 41 Systems:
Mk 41 Mod 0: CG-52 Bunker Hill through CG-73 Port Royal (61+61)
Mk 41 Mod 1: DD-963 Spruance (61)
Mk 41 Mod 2: DDG-51 Arleigh Burke through DDG-78 Porter (29+61)
Mk 41 Mod 7: DDG-79 Oscar Austin through DDG-91 Pinckney (32+64)
Mk 41 Mod 15 (Baseline VII): DDG-92 Momsen onwards (32+64)
USN Mk 41 Modules:
Mk 1 Mod 0 Module (8-Cell Module)
Mk 2 Mod 0 Module (8-Cell Module)
Mk 3 Mod 0 Module (5-Cell Strikedown Module)
USN Mk 41 Launchers
Mk 159 Mod 0 Vertical Launcher (4 x 8 Modules, 29 Cells)
Mk 158 Mod 0 Vertical Launcher (8 x 8 Modules, 61 Cells)
Installation Length: 343 inches
Installation Width:
249 inches
Installation Height:
303 inches
Weight (Empty):
262,000 lbs (with Mk 3 Mod 0 Strikedown Module)
Missile Dimensions: 22” Diameter, 257”
Rate of Fire: 1 missile per second.
Mount Power Requirements:
       200 kW: 440V AC, 60 Hz, 3 Phase
      
     8 kW: 115V AC 60 Hz, 1 Phase (Lighting)
         10 kW: 115V AC 60 Hz, 3 Phase (Backup for 400V AC)
           5 kW: 115V AC 60 Hz, 1 Phase (Launcher Control Unit)
         45 kW: 115V AC 400 Hz, 3 Phase
Notes: To confuse the matter further, there apparently are “Baselines” referring to specific levels of capability for VLS, e.g. support for newer missiles and varying levels of COTS for launcher controllers. Apparently the proposed Cruiser Modernization program will modernize one eight-cell module in each launcher from Baseline III to Baseline VII.
(Mk 41 Mod 0 VLS Diagram – 300~ kb GIF)
(Mk 41 Mod 1 VLS Diagram – 200~ kb GIF)
(Mk 41 Mod 2 VLS Diagram – 200~ kb GIF)
(Mk 158 Mod 0 Vertical Launcher Diagram – 74~ kb GIF)
(Mk 159 Mod 0 Vertical Launcher Diagram – 63~ kb GIF)
(Mk 1 or 2 Eight-Cell Module – 69~ kb GIF)
(Mk 3 Mod 0 Five-Cell Strikedown Module – 94~ kb GIF)
Resources:
NAVEDTRA 14109
Gunner’s Mate 3 & 2 – Chapters 7 through 8 (1996) (7.15~ MB PDF)
Mk 41 “Strike” GMLS Product Brochure by United Defense (LINK to PDF)
Mk 41 “Strike” GMLS Product Brochure by BAE Systems (LINK to 1~ MB PDF)
The Naval Institute Guide to World Naval Weapons Systems by Norman Friedman (2006)
Reducing the Logistics Footprint in Naval Ships Through the Optimization of Allowance Equipage Lists (AELs)
MK 41 Vertical Launching System (VLS)
Presentation by Mark Zimmerman (2.5~ MB PDF)

Mk 44 Armored Box Launcher Mod 2 (ABL)

Capacity: 4 x TASM/TLAM.

Mk 48 Mod 0 Guided Missile Vertical Launching System (GMVLS) (2-cell)

Installation Width: 220 cm
Installation Depth: 127 cm
Installation Height: 478 cm
Used On: Canadian Halifax Class Frigates, Japanaese Murasame class Destroyers
Notes: Designed for on-deck installation, with an exhaust plenum between the two cells.
Resources:
Mk 48 Product Brochure by Raytheon (LINK to PDF)

Mk 48 Mod 1 Guided Missile Vertical Launching System (GMVLS) (2-cell)

Installation Width: 173 cm
Installation Depth: 132 cm
Installation Height: 465 cm
Used On: Dutch Karl Doorman Class
Notes: Designed for mounting on bulkheads such as the side of a hangar.
Resources:
Mk 48 Product Brochure by Raytheon (LINK to PDF)

Mk 48 Mod 2 Guided Missile Vertical Launching System (GMVLS) (16-cell)

Weight (ESSM): 17,648 kg
Weight: (RIM-7VL):
30,890 kg
Installation Width:
477 cm
Installation Depth: 417 cm
Installation Height: 474 cm
Used On: Greek Hydra class and South Korean KDX.
Notes: Designed for in-deck installation version with paired exhaust plenums in between rows.
Resources:
Mk 48 Product Brochure by Raytheon (LINK to PDF)

Mk 48 Mod 3 Guided Missile Vertical Launching System (GMVLS) (6-cell)

Weight (ESSM): 11,816 kg
Weight: (RIM-7VL):
7,748 kg
Installation Width:
366 cm
Installation Depth: 271 cm
Installation Height: 473 cm
Used On: Danish STANFLEX and Niels Juel Frigate
Notes: Compact installation version, with uptakes between the rows of 3. (8,296 kg).
Resources:
Mk 48 Product Brochure by Raytheon (LINK to PDF)

Mk 49 RAM Launcher

Weights: 12,736 lbs
Capacity: 21 x RAM

Mk 56 Dual Pack ESSM Launching System (DPELS)
Mk 56
Guided Missile Vertical Launching System (GMVLS)

Cells

4

12

32

Width (cm)

173

366

477

Depth (cm)

132

271

417

Height (cm)

465

464

465

Weight (loaded) (kg)

3,714

10,450

24,359

Resources:
Mk 56 Product Brochure by Raytheon (LINK to PDF)

Mk 57 AVLS (4 Cell)

Length: 170.4 inches
Width:
87 inches
Height: 312 inches
Weight: 33,600 lb
Used On: DDG-1000 Zumwalt
Resources:
Mk 57 Product Brochure by Raytheon (LINK to 1.6~ MB PDF)

Mark 141 Mod 1 Harpoon Launcher

Weights: 13,000 lbs
Capacity: 4 x AGM-88 Harpoons