H. R. 197
Public Law 19
To establish the grade of general in the Marine Corps, and for other purposes.
Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That the grade and rank of general is hereby established on the active list of the Regular Marine Corps. The President is authorized to nominate and, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, to appoint an officer, now or hereafter holding the office of Commandant of the Marine Corps, to that grade and rank. At no time shall there be more than one such officer on the active list in such grade and rank.
Sec. 2. Appointments under authority of this Act shall be made without examination and shall continue in force during such period as the President shall determine. The permanent or temporary status of officers of the active list of the Marine Corps appointed to a higher grade pursuant to section 1 hereof shall not be vacated solely by reason of such appointment, nor shall such appointees be prejudiced in regard to promotion in accordance with the laws relating to the Marine Corps.
Sec. 3. Appointees under this Act shall, while on active duty, receive the same pay and allowances as a rear admiral of the upper half, plus a personal money allowance of $2,200 per annum.
Sec. 4. In the discretion of the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, each officer who shall have served in the grade and rank of general by virtue of an appointment under the provisions of this Act shall, upon retirement, have on the retired list the highest grade and rank held by him on the active list : Provided, That each such officer shall be entitled to retired pay equal to 75 per centum of the active-duty pay provided herein for an officer appointed pursuant to the provisions of this Act: Provided further, That no officer of the Marine Corps shall be appointed to the grade or rank of general on the active list of the Marine Corps except as provided in this Act.
Sec. 5. This Act shall be effective only until six months after the termination of the wars in which the United States is now engaged as proclaimed by the President, or such earlier date as the Congress, by concurrent resolution, may fix.
Approved March 21, 1945.