H F F H
(HIMMLERS FILES FROM HALLEIN)

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OFFICE OF MILITARY GOV. FOR GERMANY (US)
OFFICE OF THE DIRECTOR OF INTELLIGENCE

NO. 1
DATE 8 NOV. 45

OCR'ers Note:

This is a brief perfunctory excerpt of an interesting document from a larger 38 page document (HFFH) found online at the US Army's CARL Digital Library.

The full 38 page document can be found at the link to the right – 5.1 MB PDF

Essentially, put; the document is a brief summary of really interesting things found at Heinrich Himmler's VILLA TRAPP which he stayed at when Hitler was at BERCHTESGADEN.

Shortly before the ultimate collapse of Germany in May 1945, all of the documents from VILLA TRAPP were removed and placed into a salt mine near Hallein. There, they were recovered by U.S. Army troops.

1. Nazis Plan Russia's Future

(Book 1 File 6: -.7.41)

Editor's Note:
In July 1941, when Germany was riding the crest of victory in her campaign against Russia, a conference took place at the HQ of the Führer. The purpose of the conference was to decide the future of Russia and her people. HIMMLER was present, took notes – or had someone take them for him – of the conference proceedings. The translation of these notes follows:

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Supreme Headquarters of the Führer, 16 July 1941
Bo/Fu.                                                               

Top Secret (Of National Importance)

Memorandum

At 1500 today a conference was held by order of the Führer at his place. Reichsleiter ROSENBERG, Reichsminister LAMMERS, Feldmarschall KEITEL, the Reichsmarschall, and I were present.

The conference started at 1500 and lasted with an interruption for coffee until around 2000.

In the introduction the Führer stated that first of all he would like to reach some basic conclusions. Various measures are now imperative. How true that is can be seen from an article in am impudent Vichy newspaper. The article stated that the war against the Soviet Union is Europe's war and that it should be conducted on behalf of the whole of Europe. Evidently, the insinuations of this Vichy newspaper are aimed to prove that not only the Germans are to derive profits from this war, but that all European nations should share in these profits.

It is important, therefore, that we do not divulge our aims to the whole world. This is not necessary so long as we ourselves know what we want. Under no circumstances should our path be made more difficult by unnecessary declarations. Such declarations are not needed because what is within our power we can achieve anyway, and what lies beyond that power, we cannot achieve.

Therefore purely tactical considerations should shape the explanations! we give to the world about the steps we have taken. We should proceed the same way we proceeded in the cases of Norway, Denmark, Holland, and Belgium. In these cases we did not say anything about our intentions, and, if we are clever, we will not do it in the future either.

We will, therefore, point out that we were forced to occupy, organize, and secure a territory. In the interest of the inhabitants we had to provide for law and order, food, transportation, etc. That this is a preparation for a final settlement should not be discernible. That should not prevent us from taking all necessary measures, such as shooting, exportation, etc, and we will do that, too.

We don't want to make any people our enemies unnecessarily or too soon. We will act, therefore, as if we wanted to exercise a mandate. We, however, must understand fully that we will never quit these regions. Thus we have to remember the following:

1. We should not do anything to obstruct a final settlement; rather, we should prepare such a settlement secretly;
2. We should emphasize that we bring freedom.

In particular, all foreigners shall be evacuated from the Crimea, which must be settled with Germans. In the same way old Austrian Galicia will become Reich territory. Today our relations with Rumania are cordial, but we don't know what our relations at any given time in the future will be. We must be prepared and must fix our boundaries accordingly. We should not depend on the good will of third powers. Our relations with Rumania should be governed by this principle.

The fundamental problem is to slice up this tremendous cake so that we can (1) rule it, (2) administer it, and (3) exploit it.

Now, the Russians have issued an order to initiate partisan warfare behind our lines. This partisan warfare has its advantages for us. It gives us the possibility to exterminate anybody who opposes us.

The presence of a military power West of the Urals is completely out of the question, even if we must wage war for a hundred years in order to prevent it. All successors of the Führer must realize that the security of the Reich is guaranteed only when no foreign military power exists west of the Urals. Germany must take over the protection of this region from all possible dangers The iron principle is and shall be: It can never be permitted that any other nation carry arms, other than the German Reich!

This is tremendously important and must be carried out despite the fact that at present it seems easier to rely on the armed help of foreign subjected nations. This is wrong policy; and inevitably it will turn against us. Only the German should bear arms, not the Slav, the Czech, the Cossack, nor the Ukrainian.

Under no circumstances are we to conduct an inconsistent policy, as we did in Alsace prior to 1918. The greatest quality of the Englishman is his constant pursuit of one policy, of one aim. In this respect we must learn from the Englishman. We cannot let individual personalities shape our attitude. Also in this respect the English attitude in India toward the Hindu princes, etc. should serve us as an example: the soldier must always provide security for the regime.

We must create a Garden of Eden out of the newly acquired Eastern regions. They are of vital importance to us. Colonies are of a secondary importance comparatively. Even if we partition some parts of the territory now, we should always proceed as protectors of law and of the populations. Therefore, we must choose the expedient wording at present. We shall not speak about a new Reich territory but, rather, about a task made necessary by war.

In the Baltic the territory stretching to the Düna should be incorporated administratively after more specific consultation with Field Marshall KEITEL.

Reichsleiter ROSENBERG points out that in his opinion a different treatment of the population is necessary in every Commissariat. In the Ukraine we should initiate a cultural program. The historical self-consciousness of the Ukranians is to be awakened, a university founded in Kiev, etc.

In return the Reichsmarschall declares that in the first place we must think about guaranteeing our food supplies; everything else can come much later.

(Footnote: is there a cultural social strata in the Ukrain, or are better class Ukranians only outside present-day Russia as emigrants?)

ROSENBERG continues that it is necessary to foster some autonomous movements in the Ukraine.

The Reichsmarschall asks the Führer to announce what territory or territories have been promised to other states.

The Führer replies that ANTONESCU wants Bessarabia and Odessa in addition to a strip leading from Odessa West-Northwest.

To the objection of the Reichsmarschall and ROSENBERG, the Führer remarks that the new frontier requested by ANTONESCU only slightly exceeds the old Rumanian frontier.

Further, the Führer points out that nothing definite has been promised to the Hungarians, Turks, or Slovaks.

Then the Führer submits it to discussion to decide whether the old Austrian part of Galicia should be immediately annexed to the General Government. After various objections the Führer decides that it should not come under the General Government but should be put under the jurisdiction of Reichsminister FRANK at Lemberg (Lwow).

The Reichsmarschall believes that various parts of the Baltic region, i.e. the Forests of Byalystok, should be annexed to East Prussia.

The Führer emphasizes that the whole Baltic should become Reich territory.

Likewise, the Crimea, together with a considerable hinterland, should become Reich territory. This hinterland should be very extensive.

ROSENBERG objects to this because of the Ukranians living in that territory.

(Remark: Several times now ROSENBERG has, shown great interest for the Ukranians; he also wants to expand the old Ukraine considerably.)

The Führer points out in addition, that the Volga Colony and the region around Baku must also become German territory. It should become a German Military Colony.

The Finns want East Karelia, but the Kola peninsula should come to Germany on account of the great nickel deposits there.

Preparations should be made with great care to annex Finland as a Federate State. The Finns demand the region around Leningrad. The Führer intends to level the city to the ground and then give it to the Finns.

A somewhat lengthy discussion follows about the capability of Gauleiter LOHSE, who. is recommended by ROSENBERG as Governor of the Baltic. ROSENBERG points out repeatedly that he already spoke to LOHSE, and it would be very embarrassing if LOHSE were not appointed. The western part of the Baltic should go to KUBE under LOHSE. ROSENBERG thought of SAUCKEL for the Ukraine,

In opposition the Reichsmarschall emphasizes that the most important point of view, which should govern us exclusively at the time, is the securing of the food supply and, as necessity demands, the whole economy, roads, etc.

The Reichsmarschall claims that KOCH should be considered either for the Baltic, because of his good knowledge of that territory, or the Ukraine, as he would certainly be the best administrator, possessing the greatest initiative and best background.

The Führer asked if KOBE could not be considered as Commissioner for the Moscow region; ROSENBERG and the Reichsmarachall are of the opinion that KUBE has become too old for that.

After repeated suggestions ROSENBERG declared that he is afraid KOCH would soon refuse to carry out his directives. KOCH has already said so himself.

The Reichsmarschall replied that ROSENBERG should not always lead these men by the nose; these men will have to work very independently.

For the Caucasian region ROSENBERG recommends his Stabsleiter, SCHICKEDANZ; he repeatedly emphasized that SCHICKEDANZ would fulfill his task very well, but the Reichsmarschall has his doubts.

ROSENBERG then declared that LUTZE made the proposition to him to install various SA-Führer; namely, SCHEPPMANN in Kiev, MANTHEY, Dr. BENNECKE, and LITZMANN in Estonia, and Bürgermeister Dr. DREXLER in Latvia.

The Führer has no objection against the use of the SA-Führer.

ROSENBERG then declares that he received a letter from RIBBENTROP in which he expressed the wish to have the Foreign Office brought into the picture also. He, however, requests the Führer to state, that the inner development of the new territories does not concern the Foreign Office. This view is entirely shared by the Führer. It is sufficient for the time being that the Foreign Office sends a liaison man to Reichsleiter ROSENBERG.

The Führer declares that the most important region for the next three years will be the Ukraine. Therefore, it will be best if KOCH is sent there. If SAUCKEL is to be used, it would be better to send him to the Baltic.

ROSENBERG states that he would like to use SCHMEER, SELZNER, and MANDERBACH as Commissars in the Moscow District. The Fuhrer wishes that HOLZ be given a position also and that the administration of the Crimea should go to the former Gauleiter, FRAUENFELD.

ROSENBERG also states that he would also like to use Captain voh PETERSDORFF as a reward for his services. There is general consternation and disapproval. The Führer and the Reichsmarschall declare that von PETERSDORFF is undoubtedly mentally disturbed.

ROSENBERG also states that the Oberbürgermeister of Stuttgart, STRÖLIN has been recommended to him. There is no objection against that.

As KUBE is too old for the Moscow District according to the Reichsmarschall and ROSENBERG, KASCHE should take over that district.

(Note to Pg. KLOPPFER: Please request right away the files concerning the proposed organization and the proposed appointments from Dr. MEYER.)

The Reichsmarschall states also he would like to give the Kola peninsula to Gauleiter TERBOVEN for exploitation. The Führer agrees to that.

The Führer declares that for the time being LOHSE should take over the Baltic, if he believes that he is fit for the task, KASCHE should take Moscow, KOCH the Ukraine, FRAUENFELD the Crimea, TERBOVEN Kola, and SCHICKEDANZ the Caucasus.

Then ROSENBERG opened up the question of security for the administration.

The Fuhrer told the Reichsmarschall and the Feldmarschall that he always insisted that the Police Regiments be equipped with armored cars. This is absolutely imperative for the commitment of the police in the new Eastern regions, for with a sufficient number of armored cars a Police Regiment can accomplish much more. Otherwise, the Führer declares that the security forces would be spread very thin. But the Reichsmarschall shall transfer all the training airfields to the new regions and if it would become necessary, even JU 52's could drop bombs in case of revolt. The enormous territories should be pacified as fast as possible. This can best be done by shooting anyone who even has a cross look on his face.

Feldmarschall KEITEL declares that the inhabitants have to be made responsible for their own belongings because it is not possible to post a guard for every barn or every railroad station. The inhabitants should know that anyone who does not act properly will be shot and that they will be made responsible for every offense.

Answering the question of Reichsleiter ROSENBERG, the Führer declared that newspapers shall be re-established, including those in the Ukraine, so as to provide a means to influence the population.

After a pause, the Führer pointed out that we must realize the present day Europe is only a geographic terms in reality Asia extends to our former boundaries.

Then Reichsleiter ROSENBERG explains the organizational set-up, which he has in mind. He does not intend to name a permanent deputy of the Rchskom. in advance, but the most efficient Gen.Kom. should take over the representation of the Rchskom. at all times.

ROSENBERG wants to create four departments of the Rchskom:

1. General Administration

2. Political Department

3. Economic Department

4. Technic and Construction

(Remark: The Führer states that Church activities are out of the question. PAPEN has sent him a long memorandum through the Foreign Office in which it is stated that this is the appropriate moment to reestablish the Churches. But this is completely out of the question.)

The Reichsmarschall will attach Min.Dir. SCHLOTTERER and RIECKE to the ROSENBERG office.

Reichsleiter ROSENBERG makes a request for a suitable office building. He asks that the Soviet Trade building in the Lietzenburgerstrasse be given to him, oven though the Foreign Office is of the opinion that this building is extra-territorial. The Führer replies that this is nonsense. Reichsminister Dr. LAMMERS is told to inform the Foreign Office that the building should be handed to ROSENBERG without further discussion.

ROSENBERG then makes the proposition to appoint a liaison man to the Führer. This task should fall on his adjutant, KOEPPEN. The Führer agrees to that and declares that KOEPPEN should take over the parallel function to HEWEL.

Reichsminister Dr. LAMMERS then reads the plans he drew up. (See appendix)

A lengthy discussion follows about the competence of the RFSS. Evidently all participants also keep the competence of the Reichsmarschall in mind at the same time. The Fuhrer and the Reichsmarschall repeatedly point out that HIMMLER should not have a different sphere of jurisdiction from what he has in the Reich, but that that one is absolutely necessary.

The Führer says repeatedly that in practice the different will rapidly disappear. He refers to the excellent co-operation between the Army and the Air Force on the front. In conclusion, it is decided that the Baltic should be named Ostland.