CIA Estimates of
Soviet Strategic Defenses 1967-1973


References:

NIE-11-3-67: Soviet Strategic Air and Missile Defenses (9 November 1967)
NIE-11-3-68: Soviet Strategic Air and Missile Defenses (31 October 1968)
NIE-11-3-69: Soviet Strategic Defenses (2 October 1969)
NIE-11-3-71: Soviet Strategic Defenses (25 February 1971)
NIE-11-3-72: Soviet Strategic Defenses (2 November 1972)
NIE-11-3-72 Memorandum to Holders: Soviet Strategic Defenses (20 December 1973)

Before about 1967, numbers for PVO Strany aircraft are given in rough general categories, such as "modern day fighters", with each category compromising multiple aircraft types.

I suspect the change to reporting specific aircraft type counts was due to the increasing availability of reconnaissance satellites to provide repeated consistent coverage of the Soviet Union, allowing analysts to identify each specific aircraft type.

SYSTEM

October 1967

15. October 1968

1. July 1969

1. January 1971

1. October 1972

20. December 1973

MiG-25 FOXBAT

0

0

0

15

85

120

Su-15 FLAGON

10

130-150

225-250

400

530

570

Tu-28/128 FIDDLER

40

50-75

74-100

135

160

160

Yak-28 FIREBAR

360

350-400

350-400

360

360

360

Su-9 FISHPOT

780

750-800

750-800

770

770

750

MiG-19 FARMER

550

420-450

350-400

350

310

260

Yak-25 FLASHLIGHT

160

175-200

175-200

190

90

0

MiG-17 FRESCO

1,550

1,375-1,400

1,275-1,325

1030

710

430

Su-7 FITTER

20

0

0

0

0

0

TOTAL AIRCRAFT

3,470

3,250-3,500

3,200-3,475

3,250

3,015

2,850

SA-5 GAMMON

40 Sites

60 Sites (30 Operational)

70 Sites (40 operational)

80 Sites (60 Operational)

79 Sites with 1,368 Launchers

89 Sites with 1,482 launchers

SA-3 GOA

115 Sites

140 Sites (112 Operational)

150 Sites plus 50 unoccupied sites

200 Sites with 800 dual launchers

250 Sites with 1,000 dual launchers

291 Sites with 1,164 dual launchers

SA-2 GUIDELINE

870 Sites with 5,220 launchers plus 160 unoccupied sites

840 Sites with 5,040 launchers

840 Sites with 5,040 launchers plus 250 unoccupied sites

760 sites with 4,560 launchers plus 400 unoccupied sites

720 Sites with 4,320 Launchers

667 Sites with 4,002 launchers

SA-1 GUILD

3280 Launchers

3,255 Launchers

3,255 Launchers

56 Sites with 3,300 launchers

56 Sites with 3,241 Launchers

56 Launchers with 3,242 Launchers